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I have seem alternative spellings of this name listed as

  • Samovojska
  • Samovojsky
  • Samovosky
  • Samosky

What is the origin or root meaning of this surname?

For reference, the Samosky variant has just a few examples in the US, mostly in the Ohio and Pennsylvania regions. The name may have originated in the US between 1890-1910.

In my case, it is research on a family name, where the roots trace to both

  • Croatia area (female descendent), and
  • Russian area (male descendent, surname in question)

The family language was Russian/Ukraine, but known to be living in Croatia area

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Welcome to the site. Are you able to give us general time and location references for the name(s) and variants? –  GeneJ Nov 13 '12 at 22:33
See also the same question and answer(s) from the Russian Language and Usage SE. –  Jeni Nov 14 '12 at 1:30
@GeneJ how else can I present details? –  New Alexandria Nov 14 '12 at 4:17
Really interesting names. You have observed the variants in some context yourself; providing the references for the different variants would be helpful. For example, the first variant might have been found in the 19th century naturalization record of someone otherwise said born in country A or a passenger list of someone then traveling from A to B. Another variant might be referenced to a census report dated XXX from country C, or a parish record from place/country D. They might all be variants of just one persons name, given say in different census reports. –  GeneJ Nov 14 '12 at 5:18
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1 Answer

It's a Croatian name. Sam = Alone, Samo = Only, Vojska = Army. So there could be different interpretations: Lonely Soldier, Army of One, etc..

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Nice work, Rusty. Might you have a reference? –  GeneJ Nov 14 '12 at 0:37
simple Google translation {modern}. Got Croation origin from searching passenger lists. –  Rusty Erpenbeck Nov 14 '12 at 0:58
Nice approach, too. –  GeneJ Nov 14 '12 at 1:00
It could also be a Russian name (the roots are similar); more information on the source/geographic location would make it easier to know. –  Gene Golovchinsky Nov 14 '12 at 2:41
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