The 19th century began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.

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What would Toller to Duke of Leeds do in Cornwall?

In another recent question (Is there Index to Cornish Mining Captains?) I referred to my 5th great grandfather Richard Boyens (sometimes spelled Boyns) who I believe to have been a Mining Captain at ...
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32 views

Is “Incain” an old spelling of insane?

This bishop's transcript shows cause of death, which is quite illuminating especially the number that are just listed as "decline". The record at number 49, of William Towler, has cause of death ...
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Finding historical records of money transfers for emigration (Remittance) from England

A Wikipedia article defines Remittance as: A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in his or her home country. In a city directory from New England dated ...
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119 views

Finding parish marriage records

My husband's family came to the US from England; some of the family stayed in the US, and some returned to the UK. I have many records from my husband's grandfather's generation that indicate his ...
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1answer
53 views

Meaning of “brought from” on early 19th century London burial record?

The below image has been cropped from the Burial Record (found at Ancestry.com) of my 5th great grandfather John Smyth who was buried at Bunhill Fields Burial Ground (London, England) on 23 Jan 1806. ...
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Finding original names

My great, great grandfather's American name was Steve Voiten. I know his Polish given name was Stanislaw, but our family records say Woytinkewicz as a last name. I can't find any evidence of that ...
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24 views

Were Liquor Licenses required in early 19th Century Cornwall?

My 4th great grandfather William Symons had his occupation in Helston, Cornwall described at least half a dozen times in christening records and marriage certificates of his children and his own death ...
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184 views

Is FreeBMD complete for England in the 1880s? (Or, finding Annie Louise Deady)

I am researching the family of Alan Ernest Leofric Chorlton the distinguished engineer and Conservative MP. I am having particular trouble getting good sources on his wife and her family. Here is ...
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25 views

Kit Carson & John Fremont expedition members

I am trying to confirm that an ancestor traveled west with Kit Carson and John Fremont in 1842-1846, in one or several of their expeditions to map out western trails. I am having trouble locating any ...
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66 views

Which parent generally named the babies in 18th and 19th century USA?

I have found, when researching long-dead ancestors, that sometimes the names that parents chose to give their children are the only glimpse I have into the inner life of those parents. When I look at ...
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79 views

How to find 19th Century birth certificate from Novara, Italy?

I am looking for the birth certificate of my great grandfather who was born in the year 1875 or 1876 in Novara, Italy. He died on 19 July 1958 in Argentina. I went to the Church of Jesus Christ of ...
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107 views

What are good strategies for researching occupations in England and the UK?

While collecting late-1800s census records for my husband’s family in South Devon, England, I found a census entry for their family with a visitor/boarder who was a photographer. William Haddy was ...
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First wife / birth mother left out of history?

Alice Bell Snider (b. 28 Jul 1867, d. 8 Feb 1945 in Henry Co., Iowa) is listed in family records (and indeed in other people's records online) as the daughter of George W. Snider (1839-1905) and ...
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128 views

Did 19th century English women sometimes change the first name they used?

I have some confusing, conflicting sources that suggest that the one woman went by two different names. They relate to the parents of Cyril Albert Victor House, born in 1897. His christening record ...
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51 views

How to find a passenger who left NYC to europe around 1885-1913.

How to find a passenger manifest who left New York City to Europe around 1885-1913? I know he arrived to New York City, and there are 4 records at Ellis Island of people who would match him almost ...
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51 views

Who would someone in convict shipping to Australia (ca 1830s-1840s) have worked for?

My great,great grandfather, Walter Cole, was born at Ottery St.Mary, Devon, England in 1810. The family oral history is he shipped convicts to Australia approximately in the 1830's and 1840's. He ...
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114 views

Why did the executor or administrator for somebody dying intestate in UK in 1800s have to pay a bond?

I have received 2 wills in the UK only to find the person died intestate and those responsible for administering their estate had to pay a bond, which is described on a separate printed page. What is ...
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124 views

How do I connect with other descendants of my ancestors and a find place of burial?

According to my g-g-grandmother's obit, her first husband, Heert Wilms Heerts, died 3 weeks after they arrived (April 1869) in the USA from Germany. It sounds like they were living near Forreston, ...
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71 views

How can I find ships records and death information for Richard Turkington?

My gg-grandfather came to New York City sometime prior to my ggrandfather's birth in 1838. His wife was Bessie Louden, and my g-grandfather was orphaned at age 13, around 1851. This information ...
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97 views

Looking for info on Patrick Keelin, my elusive Irish ancestor

I am trying to find anything at all about my g-g-g grandfather, Patrick Keelin. The only thing I know for sure about him is that he was born in Ireland, and that his son, John, was born in Virginia in ...
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82 views

Mary and Mally - were they used interchangeably in Yorkshire in the late 18th century?

In my previous question on Finding the Fatherless Feathers, I made reference to a Mally Thomas with whom the Feather siblings seemed to be lodging in 1841, in Heptonstall. In 1851, Sarah Feather was ...
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106 views

Finding the Fatherless Feathers

How common is it to be unable to find baptismal records of a whole family in early 19th century England? In one tree I am researching, there is a John Feather, who Census records locate in 1861 and ...
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70 views

Birthplace of Phillip Smith

I can't find Phillip Smith. He was born 8 June 1789 and died 27 January 1869 in Utah. I need to find where he was born. I have tried Family Tree and Tracing Mormon Pioneers. I need to find out who ...
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78 views

Kennedy Ancestors

Is there any records for Archibald Kennedy and Catherine Hunter, parents of South African progenitor John Hunter Kennedy, born about 1803. (He could be from Aberdeen, Scotland)
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When and where was Zilpha McCubbin from Missouri born?

The records I have state Zilpha McCubbin from Missouri migrated west to Oregon in 1852, married my great, great, grandfather William J Funk formerly from Marietta Ohio. They were married in 1867 in ...
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How can I assess the statistical probability that an individual is the one I seek?

I have an ancestor Caroline Ellen Brown (also mentioned in this question: How might a "nurse-child" have been placed with their carers?) for whom the marriage and birth records are elusive. ...
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232 views

Breaking through brick wall with circumstantial evidence

Wondering if there are techniques to break through a brick wall with circumstantial evidence rather than hard evidence. Drawing a blank on my ggggrandfather in my paternal line. He lived in an area ...
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3answers
98 views

What can I deduce if a grave is re-used?

DeceasedOnline (a database of UK burials and cremations) shows that my ancestor Ellen Wright (née Brown) was buried in Cheshunt Cemetery Hertfordshire in 1871, in grave reference 37AQ. In ...
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94 views

Were godparents always married, and did they always live in the same village?

While going through some Ukrainian Greek Catholic baptismal records from the 19th century, I have made two observations which I want to validate: Most godparents appear to be married. This is at ...
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79 views

Marriage tax in the Rhineland under Prussian rule

I am searching for marriage taxes or fees that had to be paid in 19th century Rhineland under Prussian rule.
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162 views

What determined which prisoners sentenced to transportation were actually transported?

Thomas Duffett (baptised 1785 Stalbridge, Dorset, England) had a couple of run-ins with the law and got himself sentenced to 7 years transportation. Twice. But he never left the country. The first ...
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172 views

Who are the Ancestors of William Yensull?

William Yensull (also spelled Yensule or Yencule) became a Naturalized Citizen of the United States on April 20th, 1896. Based on his Naturalization Certificate, issued in the Illinois county of ...
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Sources for the birth of Elizabeth Shaw Whaley in Connecticut circa 1813

I have undocumented family genealogy records that Elizabeth Shaw Whaley: was born 6 FEB 1813 in Montville, Connecticut to William Patten Whaley and Philena Haughton married Elijah Genubeth Strong ...
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What does the occupation “Works in Woods” mean?

In an 1880 US Census entry, the occupation of Daniel Card is listed as "Works in Woods." What does that mean? Where I grew up, the word "woods" was a synonym for forest so I immediately thought ...
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102 views

Brierton/Brereton Spelling Causing issues

I have been searching, in vain, for my gr.gr.gr. Grandfather, Samuel Brierton. All information I have says that he was born in Pennsylvania abt. 1800, parents were born in Wales and he then doesn't ...
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125 views

Elinor is a Hassall (identifying a Welsh woman born in the late 18th century from a single record)

In 1805, according to the Bishops Transcripts for Little Newcastle in Pembrokeshire, Wales, Elinor Hassall married John John. John, his descendants and relatives of the family were predominantly ...
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145 views

South Carolina indentured servant

I suspect my great-grandmother may have arrived in South Carolina as an indentured servant early in the 19th century. I believe she was of Scotch/Irish origin. Any ideas where I might find evidence ...
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1answer
53 views

Records for 'aide' to officer in US Civil War

One of my ancestors "fought" in the US Civil War and I am seeking other places to find information. My great-great-grandfather, Herbert Kirkwood Sparrell (1847-1923) (HKS), went to the Civil War with ...
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355 views

How much did people travel in the early 1800's?

Our family bible tells me that my gx2 grandfathe3 Robert Chapman was born in Cornwall in 1811 but despite searching for 20 years (and building up a tree containing 7,000+ ancestors I can't locate him ...
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212 views

Can anyone decipher the name of this Royal Navy ship in Beruit in 1861?

Can anyone work out what the name of this ship is for me please it is from the 1861 census reference RG9/4441/232/30 Thanks for any suggestions
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166 views

Andrew Wilson remains an enigma

I am trying to find the parentage and immigration for Andrew Wilson my 2nd great grandfather. According to family search he was born on August 1, 1838 in Gulladuff, Maghera Parish in Londonderry ...
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3answers
454 views

How might a “nurse-child” have been placed with their carers?

In the 1861 census of England, the sister of one of my ancestors is shown living as a 'nurse-child' some distance across London from where her mother was in hospital. How would the placement of a ...
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3answers
174 views

How complete are the online databases for Manx parish records?

So far I have found two online sources for parish records from the Isle of Man. The Manx National Museum’s “iMuseum” FamilySearch.org’s transcription of Isle of Man Parish Registers There seem to ...
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102 views

Is there an alternative to the National Archive of Scotland for 19th century Scottish prison records?

The prison records for Scotland are available in the National Archives of Scotland. Are there alternative online sources for some of these? (I'm in Australia, so tripping to Edinburgh isn't an option ...
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186 views

How were illegitimate sons raised in Scotland in the late 1800s?

My great grandfather was apparently an illegitimate child, the oldest of the family, and it has been said that back in the day (1877, Scotland) it was common practice for such children to be raised by ...
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114 views

What would 'not educated' mean?

In her memoirs, an aunt writes of her nephew having no education. The time is late 1860s, an immigrant lad from England aged 20 when written. He arrived in Australia when 3 years, the son of a station ...
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109 views

What was the nature of record keeping for land ownership in the Pfalz prior to the introduction of the cadastre/Kataster system?

Some time in the 1840s the French cadastre system of recording land ownership for tax purposes was introduced into the Pfalz region of Bavaria. Records such as the one shown below identified parcels ...
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Old German script. What is the wife's name in this 1837 baptismal ledger from Stark County, Ohio?

The partial image below is from an 1837 baptismal register of a church located in Paris Township, Stark County, Ohio. It is written in old German script. At least to our knowledge, these ledgers have ...
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169 views

How likely is it that the England & Wales Census would be wrong about an age by ten years?

Or is it just a gap in the records? My 3xgreat-grandmother, Sarah Rule, is shown in the 1851, 1871 and 1881 Censuses for England and Wales with ages that would indicate a date of birth around ...
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179 views

Getting from New York to Chicago in the late 1800s

In an earlier question, GeneJ offered some evidence for how some of his ancestors traveled from Quebec to Wisconsin. I am wondering whether there are any records other than private recollections or ...