For questions about the use, distribution, origin and etymology of surnames, also known as family names or last names.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
5answers
65 views

Alternative spellings of Polish surname Swider?

What might alternative spellings be for my father's surname of Swider? His father, Andrew emigrated from Poland in about 1907. I cannot find his name on immigration lists and so I suspect his name ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Benefits of joining the Guild of One-Name Studies?

For years I have been conducting an informal (and/or obsessive) one-name study. There are only 150 or so people who bear our surname globally, all but a handful of those in England. I have many ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Did any of the descendants of Rabbi Ascher ben Jechiel take “Rosch” as a surname?

I have been trying to trace my roots and the earliest appearance of "Rosch" as a (sur)name seems to be Rabbi Ascher ben Jechiel (1250 or 1259 – 1327). However, I cannot find which, if any, of his sons ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Researching family member that immigrated to USA from Poland in 1831

I'm looking for information on the surname Lyskowinski in Poland. I know he came on a ship named Northumber that departed from London, England and arrived in America on Aug. 23, 1852. His place of ...
-2
votes
1answer
80 views

Jensen vs Jorgensen: Last Name for Danish [closed]

I am using FamilySearch, and have found a marriage where there are two husbands. I am questioning if these are duplicates. They have the same first name (Anders), but different last names. These last ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Correct spelling of Polish surname Mahowski? [duplicate]

I am looking for the correct spelling of Polish surname Mihowski or Mahowski? I hope to find cousins in Poland.
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Name Changes in New York City during 1830s?

Are there records for people who changed their names in New York City (NYC) in the 1830's? My ancestor was from France and changed his name after arriving in NYC in the 1830's.
6
votes
1answer
62 views

Original Spelling(s) of Polish surname anglicized as Shemynski?

The English spelling of my maternal grandmother's maiden name was "Shemynski". I would like to know the original/alternate spelling(s) to look for in Polish records, with the appropriate language ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Getting started in Brazilian research?

I'd like to start researching my family genealogy, but I don't have much information. I just know the name of my parents and grandparents and their home state, but I don't know almost anything apart ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Creating a list of surnames from a specific municipality in Germany (Baden)?

I am looking to make a list of current day surnames where my ancestors lived in the 19th century to aid in translating and spelling out names in old baptism and marriage records. I know that the ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the spelling of this hand written name?

The 31 Dec 1814 marriage of Moses Ragan and Miss Polly Walker in Nelson, Kentucky, United States shown here states: Know all men by these presents, that we Moses Ragan & Charles Walker are ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What is the origin of the surname Griffin?

Different websites give conflicting opinions regarding this surname. What is the origin of Griffin when used as a surname?
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Is surname Ede of Northern European origin and rare in England?

I am trying to identify my British great-grandfather. I have investigated him in Japan and narrowed the candidates down to eight. I then checked those eight candidates in detail; seven of them seem ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

How can I find surname distributions for names in Poland before WW2?

Gen-evolu allows us to see the distribution of family names in Germany both in modern times and during the peak of the third Reich in WW2, before Germany was affected with the ethnic cleansing of its ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

How to interpret hand written will that refers to children and possibly in-laws?

I'm looking at the March 8, 1869 will of Samuel Fought in Monroe, Cumberland, Pennsylvania shown here: I'm having trouble reading the names of his children. As best as I can tell it reads ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Age of surnames in German region?

browsing through stories likes these, I was just wondering if there are books or websites or other kind of sources that make it possible to see when a certain surname appears the very first time in a ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Is name Angloher derived from Anglii from northern Germany?

Is the name Angloher tied to the Anglii from northern Germany? Would this mean that the name would then be a derivative of a Herr of Anglii? Or Angels?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Determining surname for 1782 baptism in Breconshire, Wales?

In Finding birth/baptism/marriage record for Priscilla who married printer Henry Hughes probably about 1810 in Breconshire, Wales? I sought vital records for Priscilla Hughes, the printer, of Struet, ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Searching databases for ancestors with aliases?

I have a probable ancestor about whom I know very little, except for the fact that he used an alias and he is mentioned in his father-in-law's will. The two names are quite common - something along ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

Is there a Polish variant of the name Thillmann, and what does this name mean?

It appears my great-great-grandmother was named Thillmann, and was Silesian Polish, despite her name sounding German. I know many names and surnames have translations between both of those languages, ...
2
votes
1answer
349 views

Where does the surname Cousins come from?

My Mother's father's surname is Cousins. I'm doing some research to find the origin and the meaning of the name.
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Was it common for German women to use their maiden names in the early 19th century?

I have a German third great grandmother who appears to have used her maiden name at times as well as her married name. She appears with her husband in 1824 in Armstrong County, PA on a communicant ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Spelling of Original Hungarian or Czechoslovakian surname?

I am working on tracing my girlfriend's family tree. Her last name is Paul, however her great-great grandfather immigrated from either Hungary or Czechoslovakia depending on who you ask. They say ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Is surname Judah/Juddah Jewish?

My 4th great grandfather had the surname Judah. Before coming to the U.S in the early 1800's it was spelled Juddah. I'm trying to understand if this is a true Jewish last name and if someone could ...
3
votes
3answers
89 views

What is the meaning and origin of the surname Nesselrothees?

I am having trouble finding anything out about the surname Nesselrothees. My great grandmother was registered under the surname in 1840 England. Her father was Alexander Dorow Nesselrothees. He was ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

How do I determine our common ancestor?

I'm trying to find a match for DNA that is narrowed down to go through my dad's line and another person's paternal line. I'm thinking if I could compare our fathers' pedigree surnames it might reveal ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

What is original spelling for Polish surname Chorzelewski?

What is the original spelling of the Polish surname Chorzelewski? The name could be Chorelewski also. My grandmothers maiden name was Chorzelewski here in the US. My great grandmother spelled it ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Derivation of the Irish surname Hamil (is it from Hamuel in the bible)?

My last name is Hamil and my family genealogy comes from Ireland. An individual who researched the family states that Hamil is a variation of the Hamuel found in the Bible who is a descendant of ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Rule of Thumb for when Anglo-American surnames became standardized?

There are good Q&A's on this site about how to identify alternative versions of a given surname, but I have a different question more related to this and this. I know that when I'm looking at ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

What records document how African Americans received their Surname in early New York state?

My understanding is that pre-American revolution New York state had free blacks and slaves, then during the war both sides offered freedom to those that fought. Eventually, in 1799 slavery was ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

How to Audibly “Hear” the pronunciation of a text name or pronunciation coding?

I am trying to determine how a name 'might' sounded based on text values how a name is pronounced audibly. I am aware of SoundEx and this calculator for it, the improved MetaPhone, Double Metaphone, ...
9
votes
1answer
307 views

Did Edward Buten change his name from Edward Bulen?

For several years I have hit a dead end with one branch of my family tree. My Great Grandfather Edward Buten married by Great Grandmother Elizabeth Mary Ann Dunnington in 1893 at the Islington ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

How much is “Worker” an established American transliteration of the German "Würker”?

I'm currently tracing the root meaning/history of the German family name "Würker", specifically regarding the authenticity of the American transliteration of "Worker" - how commonly used is this form, ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Tracing genealogy of people with particular Polish surname?

I am trying to trace the genealogy of one or more people with the surname "Wozniack." I believe that it is Polish name and that these people are of Polish descent Where in Poland are people with ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

Determining parents of 19th Century Swiss ancestor?

I started getting into genealogy thanks to Ancestry.com and I have run into a brick wall. I am looking for the parents of Christopher Stukey (born somewhere between 1843 and 1848 in Switzerland) his ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Finding original surname of 20th Century Russian immigrant to United States?

My Great Grandfather Abraham moved here from Vilna Russia in early 1900's with his wife Udis Rose and two children, Arthor and Bella. They started in New York City and at some point changed the last ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

Finding original Polish surname of 19th Century immigrant to United States?

My great, great grandfather's American name was Steve Voiten. I know his Polish given name was Stanislaw, but our family records say Woytinkewicz as a last name. I can't find any evidence of that ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Place surnames versus Occupational surnames for English ancestors

In England, were place surnames more prevalent than occupational surnames (Baker, Potter, Hatter, etc...) or vice versa? I have searched Google & saw mixed results at best.
2
votes
2answers
993 views

Average number of people per name?

I hope I'm asking this in the right community. I was just wondering if there are stastistics of "name ambiguity", e.g. how many people share the same full name on average. This would be particularily ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

What can be gleaned statistically from Surname occurence in Population?

Is there a calculation or test to determine if the occurrence of a surname in a population in a specific geographical area is statistically significant or just a random distribution? For example, in ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the origin of hyphenated or double-barreled surnames?

I found this answer by John Hanna which implies that the practice originated with the British aristocracy or 'upper-bourgeoisie' as WS2 dubs them. This makes sense on a hereditary-rule/feudalism ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

What does a phrase like “dit St Pierre” mean, when it follows a surname?

What does a phrase like "dit St Pierre" mean, when it follows a surname? For example: Marie-Anne Romure dit St Pierre
10
votes
3answers
3k views

How to find correct spelling of Polish last name ?

My Polish grandmothers last name was Dziubenofska, but I know that's not how it spelt! I'm looking for the proper spelling. Can you help find it for me, please. she came over to Ellis Island and they ...
-5
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the meaning and origin of the surname Lambert?

What is the meaning of this name? What was the history behind it? Which country does it originated firstly? What ethnicity people will have this name?
1
vote
3answers
32k views

What does the word “née” mean when following a woman's name?

For the first time today I have seen the word née following a woman's name. It's often in parenthesis and precedes what appears to be another surname. I'm guessing it's a way of signifying a woman's ...
5
votes
2answers
199 views

Would the Polish surname Jurkiewicz have been different in Russia?

Elias (Alexander) Jurkiewicz was living in Bilyi Kamin', Ukraine when his first children were born. Family lore says Elias came from Russia and worked there as a shoemaker for the Czar (we haven't ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the origin of the surname 'Dubé'?

I been tracking down my family history before they settled in North America, i was very fortunate to be able to track down my mother side. But my fathers side not so fortunate, we know its french in ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Name variants for Schufeldt?

I have an ancestor Charity Schufeldt (1792-1851, married Wait Hurlburt) that I am researching. To aid in my search, I'm looking for name variants for Schufeldt. So far I have Schufeldt, Zufelt, ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Jacob FIsher and Sarah Hodges (married 7 Oct 1773 in Sharon, MA) - who were their childen?

Page 27 of the Sharon, Massachusetts Vital Records show Jacob Fisher and his wife Sarah had a son Jacob born 30 Apr 1776: Jacob, s. of Jacob and Sarah, Apr. 30, 1776 Page 94 of those records show a ...
7
votes
1answer
219 views

What's the best way two people that share a surname can determine they're not closely related?

My girlfriend and I both share the same last name and our families claim they are both from the same Korean surname "clan". This is a huge sticking point for her father. I know so far with certainty ...