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My family and I are Swiss, but my dad has a very Mediterranean look.

His skin tends to be copper-coloured, he has very dark and very curly hair. This is especially obvious in photographs where he was little, he really looks like a foreign guy, and is very obviously different to other kids physically (back then when there was few immigrants here).

My brother and I also inherited some of his physical properties, but to an lesser extent. We also tend to be slightly darker skinned, darker haired, and curlier than most people in our country. Not so long ago someone was sure that I was Greek just because of how I look.

However, my dad only has Swiss, Austrian and Polish documented ancestry, with the exception of one of his great-great-grandmothers which came from the region of Bearn in southern France.

This is the only single place of southern/Mediterranean origin we have in the family, and thus, it would be the only explanation of my Dad's Mediterranean physical appearance. For example, François Brayou, a French politician from Bearn, has a physical appearance close to my father's. (*)

But however my father is only 1/16th Bearnais, which normally should not matter all that much when it comes to his physical appearance.

Hence my question: Is it possible that only one remote ancestor specifically determines your look significantly more than the proportion of his DNA (1/16 in that case)?

(*) Brayou also seems to be 1/4 Irish and thus only 3/4 bearnais, but that's yet another issue...

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    As interesting as this question is I'm not sure it's a great fit for this site. The bottom line is that whether someone "looks" Mediterranean is very subjective. The relationship between genetics and phenotype (especially when considering broad and ill-defined racial categories) is immensely complex. For this reason I'm not sure anyone will be able to give you a useful answer – but I could be wrong. – Harry Vervet Mar 5 '16 at 14:49
  • Also, have you done any genetic testing? This question might be more suitable for this site if you can include information about your ethnic background from a more objective source such as autosomal DNA analysis. Keeping in mind that the ethnic information from these tests can sometimes be quite inaccurate due to small sample sizes. – Harry Vervet Mar 5 '16 at 14:54
  • @HarryVervet And which test specifically could answer this question? Are such test even affordable? – Bregalad Mar 5 '16 at 15:42
  • FamilyTreeDNA's Family Finder test is probably the most popular test for this purpose. Cost $99 (USD). – Harry Vervet Mar 5 '16 at 15:49
  • This is only anecdotal, but it seems possible. When I show people a photo of my great-grandfather, people say I look just like him (to the point of saying "wow, that's creepy", or "no, that's you"). But his son (my grandfather) doesn't resemble him much, and neither does his granddaughter (my mother). It seems unlikely (since each of my grandparents have ancestry from widely different areas of Europe), but it is so, nevertheless. – hatchet - done with SOverflow Mar 12 '16 at 16:46
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I am not aware of any comprehensive study that covers all attributes of ones look but there have been some studies conducted that associate specific attributes of ones looks directly back to DNA one is carrying.

This is independent of distance from an ancestor but more the SNPs that one carries in their DNA. Though to do a direct comparison you would need a test from both individuals.

So while your exact question at face value is fairly relative in nature it does have a few valid merits that can be specifically answered.

The starting point for this would be to have an Autosomal DNA test done with one of the major services (FamilyTreeDNA.com, 23andMe.com, or Ancestry.com) which range in price from $89 to $200 and all test similar number of SNPs and you could further supplement that if male by getting a Y-SNP test through FamilyTreeDNA to build a larger list of SNPs.

To know what attributes you received from your father you would test both yourself and your father and compare the results on the different sites.

If you are only interested in a simple most bang for the buck low cost DNA testing the general recommendation is to test on Ancestry.com, then transfer to GEDMatch.com for free, and transfer to FamilyTreeDNA.com for $40. If you are interested in building a more comprehensive DNA profile of yourself you can get all testing done on FamilyTreeDNA.com with a single test kit.

The free GEDMatch.com then can utilize the results of the Autosomal DNA test to predict your expected Eye Color and Attributes as well as has a wide selection of ethnic admixture tools that are generally more granular than offered by any of the other services. (Note: The EyeColor prediction was incorrect for me but correct for other kits I manage)

enter image description here

You can then also upload those results to Promethease.com where for $5-$7 you an have your SNP results analyzed and based on the most recent studies have it tell you what it expects based on the SNPs your genetics are carrying it expects you to look like. enter image description here

The Promethease report covers many other items in addition to appearance, but in the appearance category I know covers PROBABILITY of attributes like:

  • Skin Color (including different levels of pigmentation)
  • Eye Color
  • Hair Color
  • Male Pattern Baldness
  • Freckles
  • Cleft Lip
  • Facial Structure (though it doesn't necessarily currently tie it to specific regions / countries)
  • Breast Size
  • Hair Curliness
  • Weight Management Attributes
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As far as I understand it, and I am not a biologist, yes traits can "skip" generations and turn up in later generations.

A popular example is eye colour. Blue eyes are the result of recessive genes, where both your parents must have carried this gene. Because it is recessive, the may carry the gene even if they have brown eyes.

Let’s call the recessive blue gene b, and the dominant brown gene B. Now, both parents may have bB-genes. This would give them brown eyes.

Assuming an even distribution of DNA between 4 children, these children would have these genes: BB Bb bB and bb. So 3 of them would have brown eyes, but the forth, with 2 recessive blue genes would have blue eyes.

So that's one way you could inherit your grandfathers traits, even if none of your parents seem to have them.

At least that's how I understand it. :-)

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Have you ever seen black guy with blue eyes? Darker skin, eyes etc are dominant genes so its more propably to inherit them comparing ti light skin, eyes, hairs. We can inherit dominant genes of many previous generations because they're successive passed over next geberatiobs, also recesive genes could disapear at all in the 2nd line generation. There is also posibity that recesive genes will stay hiden and inhertited by few generations and reveal in the next one.

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  • Please provide sources for statements in your answers. Skin colour is a polygenic trait; in other words, many genes influence the amount of melanin produced by our skin cells. You cannot think of it as a simple dominant vs recessive gene. – Harry Vervet Dec 26 '16 at 15:09

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