I have an ancestor named Richard Dugdale who was probably born in 1845 (although 1844 and 1848 are also possible) somewhere in England (possibly Manchester or Bristol) and died in 1909 in Massachusetts. I am looking for suggestions about how to narrow down the date of his immigration to hopefully help figure out where he came from in England. Here is what I know:
Based on his death certificate, his parents were James Dugdale and Susanna(h) Preston, and both died in the US.
Regarding Richard Dugdale's immigration -
- The 1885 Rhode Island census lists him as an alien
- The 1900 US census says he immigrated in 1853 and had been naturalized.
- The 1905 Rhode Island census says he immigrated in 1857.
- I have a possible but unconfirmed naturalization card for a Richard Dugdale who immigrated in June 1859 via New York City and naturalized in 1888.
- I have a possible but unconfirmed passenger manifest from June (can't make out the date) 1860 for the S.S. City of Washington arriving in New York City with passengers of Susan Dugdale (female, 50), Ely (female, 24), a male I can't read (23), Richard (male, 10) and Susan (female, 5) [note that I would expect Richard to be 15 in 1860 and there is no James].
- As of October 9, 1862, Richard was serving aboard the USS Sabine, so he was obviously in the country by then.
I have been unable to locate Richard or his parents in either the 1860 or 1880 census, but I do have them in the 1865 and 1875 Rhode Island censuses and Richard but not James in the 1870 US census.
The only sibling I am reasonably sure of for Richard is Susannah Isabella Dugdale, born 1854. I do have a will and codicil for James Dugdale that might help identify them, but, unfortunately, I have been unable to read most of it because of the very tight handwriting (it is slanted remarkably far to the right and is very "flat"). It is no secret though that I am very bad at reading cursive.
So, given all of that information, can anyone suggest an approach that would help me narrow down or confirm a date of immigration? The 1860 passenger list seems most promising to me, since three of the names and two of the ages match known members of the family and it only differs by a year from the naturalization card. However, the age discrepancy for Richard troubles me, especially given he was serving as a fireman in the Navy barely two years later. And I have no idea why James would not travel with the rest of his family. I also cannot explain why no two documents match each other and why they vary by seven full years.