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I'm trying to understand how the surname Ormond originated.

It is clustered primarily in South West Wales, Dublin and Angus in Scotland.

In Dublin, the surname comes from a place name in East Munster, Urhumhain, but how it came to be found in other places is a complete mystery to me.

The south West Wales branch may simply be an immigration, but I find that explanation makes less sense for Angus. There was an Earldom of Ormond in Angus but the surname predates this as I know of a Mathow Ormond who is recorded on Scotland's people in the 1500s.

In the 1500s and 1600s, the surname is not found anywhere in Scotland outside of Angus.

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According to the Dictionary of British Surnames by John Titford

Ormond(e): Irish: Anglicised form of Gaelic O'Ruaidh altered by folk entymology so that it resembles Ormond, a regional name in East Munster. Also found in Lancs and in other parts of England, Scotland and Wales.

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