I recently had sibling DNA testing done with what I thought was my half sister. Our full sibling results were 99.7%. And our half sibling results were 99.6%. I called Genex the company that did the testing and they said the higher number was correct. Because I questioned this, they explained the numbers were close because of the amount of DNA that her and I both shared from our mother and father. We are positive that we have the same mother. My concern is that my sister and I have double cousins, my mothers sister was married to my father‘s brother.

With me and my sister half sibling result being at 99.6% I was curious as to if my uncle could actually be my father causing me and my sisters full sibling results to be that high?

Our parents are have both passed away. However our father’s brother is still alive.

Would further DNA testing help or would we be able to tell by the results that we have already?

  • I just wanted to add that I just spoke to my uncle, ( the brother of the father of the sister I had this sibling test done with.) He said there was a possibility that he could be my father. Him and I will have testing done to see if he is my father or my uncle. What test would be best for this? – Renee Carunchia Mar 25 '18 at 21:18
  • Was the testing company 23andMe? – lkessler Mar 26 '18 at 0:34
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    To test to see if a person is a parent or not, do an autosomal test. It will be 100% accurate on that. – lkessler Mar 26 '18 at 0:37
  • The company that did my sibling test was Genex. – Renee Carunchia Mar 26 '18 at 1:51
  • Is it normal to have your for the FULL sibling result and your HALF sibling result to both be so HIGH and so close? What else could cause these kind of results? – Renee Carunchia Mar 26 '18 at 1:52

Unfortunately, Genex (www.swabtest.com) is not a testing company I am familiar with. They seem to have their own custom tests and custom results without giving you the ability to compare yourself against all the other people in the test base as you can do with the standard testing companies.

If Genex allows you to download your raw data, you may be able to upload that to GEDmatch and then compare yourself to your sibling. GEDmatch would show you where you and your sibling half match (one of your chromosomes of any pair) or fully match (on both chromosomes of any pair). One of each pair is from your father and the other is from your mother.

If you are full siblings (you have the same father and the same mother), then you will share with your sibling about 1/2 of your father's DNA on the chromosome from your father and 1/2 of your mother's DNA on the chromosome from your mother. That means that the pair of chromosomes from both parents will match on 1 chromosome half the time, both chromosomes 1/4 of the time and neither chromosome 1/4 of the time. Note that 1 chromosome x 1/2 + 2 chromosomes * 1/4 + 0 chromosomes * 1/4 = 100% which is what Genex is reporting to you.

Now, if you are half siblings with a mother in common but different fathers who are not related to each other, then you will share on average 1/2 of the DNA from your mother but zero from your father. Here 1 x 1/2 + 2 * 0 + 0 * 0 = 50% which is what I would assume Genex should give half-siblings with unrelated fathers.

Your mention of double cousins is not applicable, since you are certain you have one parent in common, and double cousins have no parents in common.

But if you are half siblings with a mother in common but different fathers and the fathers are brothers to each other, then you will share on average 1/2 of the DNA from your mother. Your father will share half the DNA of his brother. And you and your half sibling should have about 1/4 of your DNA from your fathers in common. If you could look at this in GEDmatch, you and your half-sibling would match on one chromosome 1/2 of the time and on both chromosomes 1/8 of the time. Here 1 x 1/2 + 2 * 1/8 + 0 * 3/8 = 75% which is what I would assume Genex should give you if you are half-siblings with a common mother and fathers who are brothers.

But because I am unfamiliar with Genex, I would hesitate to say that I am interpreting their results correctly.

For an issue that obviously would be of such monumental importance to you, I would not trust a genealogy Q&A site to give you your answer. I would recommend you spend the money and hire a professional genetic genealogist to give you advice of how to proceed and then do the analysis and confirm the definitive answer that you are looking for.

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    I think that the percentages provides by @Renee Carunchia is not the shared DNA amount (in relative scale), but confidence level of test result (description). – George Gaál Mar 26 '18 at 5:51
  • I'd recommend to pass the autosomal DNA test in reliable lab like FTDNA for each interested person. – George Gaál Mar 26 '18 at 5:52
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    @George - Yes, now that you mention it that way, it might be a confidence level and not a percentage value. My answer does tell the results to look for at GEDmatch. And yes, a reliable lab would be good, but I'd still suggest the poster hire a professional rather than the poster try to do this alone. – lkessler Mar 26 '18 at 5:55

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