In the US Census from 1860 and 1870, I am looking for a German immigrant named Gustav Adolf (or Adolph) Neumann, born October 27, 1824 in Leipzig, Saxony (Sachsen), Germany, who immigrated to the United States departing the October 10, 1858 from Bremen, Germany arriving in New York, on January 17, 1859. Upon arrival, he dictated to the Immigration Officer that he wanted to be farmer (in the state of New York?), see supporting documents below.
However, I do not find a corresponding person neither in the 1860, nor in the 1870 US Census. Can anyone, please, help me out?
German birth register of Leipzig:
I have not further information or documents about this person. I do not know whether he was married nor with whom, nor do I have any knowledge whether he had (ever) children.
However, I could infer some secondary information about the things I do know, i. e. he was not married nor did he have children in Germany before departing to the US.
Unfortunately, I do not know what kind of profession he had (his father was a trader, as well as two of his brothers, two other brothers were painter and lithographer, respectively), however, I do not believe that he was a farmer in his "previous" life in Germany as he and his ancestors lived in the city of Leipzig, which did not offer a job place for farmers. If he were he would have lived in smaller towns or villages around Leipzig, which at that time and age would not have been quite likely. Maybe he picked up a job related to that and this would be quite possible in a city like New York with many newspaper circulating?
Speaking of the US Civil War, which started two to three years after he arrived, I found three entries in the Soldiers and Sailors Database (see first three entries). But no birth date is indicated for better identification.
All in all, I hoped it was easier to find out about his whereabouts, but nothing but ambiguous bits of information. :/ It looks like that back then, US censuses or other bureaucratic documents missed the attention to detailed information common in Europe!?
Regarding the question, whether I am sure about the data I have:
I inherited a vast family tree with the birth date and the day of departure of G. A. Neumann, as well as his ancestors and some dates of his siblings. Although, I do not exactly know where my great-grandfather took the information (most likely from primary data such a certificates), the data of that tree have been proven correct in other parts of the tree by primary sources (like the register shown above) I was able to find online.
In addition, I have supporting data here of a project to digitalise and index all index cards made in the 1950s+ by a professional genealogist, called Helga Moritz, who worked for the German Central Register of Genealogy in Leipzig. All data which are shown on that index card are correct with the data from the family tree given by my great-grandfather, who was dead (died in 1944) before these cards were made. So both sources, the family tree and the index cards, are unrelated and most presumably correct together with the primary source, the birth register, shown above.