My ancestor was a US citizen (naturalized in 1920) who travelled to [then-]Poland (where he was originally from), and got married to a non-US citizen and had a child with her while he was abroad. He returned to the US with his wife and young child in 1925.
Would he wife and child have required any pre-authorization to be included on the husband's/father's passport, or generally to come to the US as US citizens in 1925? Or would they have just taken the word of my ancestors that they were married or asked to see a marriage document on the spot? The family all appears on the "List of United States Citizens" on the passenger list (see image below).
I am aware that there is a collection on Ancestry.com "U.S., Consular Reports of Marriages, 1910-1949", but there are very few records in this collection, both generally and for Poland. Is there any other place marriage reports from Americans marrying overseas in this period (circa 1920-1923) would be? Here is a webpage from the US National Archives about State Department files, including marriage reports.
I am following this route because many vital records from the area of my ancestors in then-Poland (previously Russian Empire, and presently Ukraine) - specifically the Volhynia area around Lyuboml/Liuboml - did not survive World War II, particularly for the Jewish community (of which my ancestors were part). No vital records can be found locally for these ancestors.
Would the wife and child have needed Polish passports to leave Poland? If so, are these archived anywhere that can be searched?
According to USCIS: "Prior to September 22, 1922, women gained the citizenship of their naturalizing husbands."
Here is a list of documents I have access to:
- Ancestor's petition for naturalization (April 1920) - states he is not married
- US passport application for ancestor (13 April 1922) - intends to leave USA on 22 April 1922 and doesn't mention wife/child/marriage
- Passenger list for ancestor's return to NY, USA alone (28 March 1924)
- US passport application for ancestor (25 February 1925) - intends to leave USA on 10 March 1925 and mentions going to visit wife and child but does not say will be accompanied by wife or child on passport application
- Passenger list for ancestor's return to NY, USA with wife and child on list of US citizens (24 July 1925) - image in post is from this list