I'm trying to understand how to create legitimate records from documents written in Spanish from Peru. It seems like two surnames are often used. I have an idea of what the last names are supposed to be, but then my genetic grandmother's death certificate looks like they list her son on it with her surname instead of his. Then there are other questions, such as her death certificate listing her being from Ancash, but I tried to Wikipedia it and it seems like Ancash is not only a large area, but a small area in lima as well. I found some Christening records that look like they might fit, based on other records that don't fit with her name, but it also adds Huaylas, to the Ancash, Peru designation.

I read Researching genealogy in Peru on here about someone looking for her mother's ancestors which had a set of good places to look for records, but it was 3 years old and seemed to be more link based as opposed to understanding surname nomenclature as they relate to vital records.

Can anyone help me to understand the surname hurdle?

Unfortunately, I was not a legitimate birth (when asked, they don't want to talk about it), but I am getting DNA matches and questions I'd like to be able to answer.

  • 3
    They may well use Spanish naming customs where children have two surnames, one from each parent - see genealogy.stackexchange.com/a/4111/45 and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_naming_customs for more information.
    – TomH
    Jul 8, 2021 at 13:22
  • 2
    I suggest that you Google "Peruvian Naming Customs" - there are a number of references. Yes, it does appear that Spanish is the root but to what extent there are any differences, I've no idea. Wikipedia has an article on naming customs of Hispanic America but oddly it doesn't mention Peru. Several of those links mention useful clarifications to answer What-ifs.
    – AdrianB38
    Jul 8, 2021 at 17:47
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    – PolyGeo
    Jul 9, 2021 at 7:49
  • 1
    familysearch.org/wiki/en/Peru_Personal_Names is relevant
    – user6485
    Jul 10, 2021 at 7:51


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