This question relates to the 1921 Census entry as discussed for William Henry Baker here:

In the transcript for his entry it says that he was at the following location:

1st Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment, French Furze Camp, Curragh, Ireland.

When I went to add his Census fact into my tree I saw several Curragh listed:

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I went with the most obvious (Curragh Camp, Kildare, Ireland).

I based this decision on an article I found on the internet (Curragh Camp) which does state:

The Curragh Camp is an army base and military college in The Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland. It is the main training centre for the Irish Defence Forces and is home to 2,000 military personnel.

But it does not mention this French Furze Camp from what I can tell. Why I try to search for that the first hit is about a racing horse. 😊

So, my question is two fold:

  1. Have I selected the correct Curragh for the location of my Census fact?
  2. IS there any more information about this French Furze Camp that William was serving at?
  • 1
    You didn't say how or where you searched. Your question could be improved by telling us a bit more about your research effort.
    – Jan Murphy
    Commented Jun 27, 2022 at 18:53
  • @JanMurphy, well, I did show what I researched because I provided a link to the Curragh Camp. As for French Furze Camp I used Google with "French Furze Camp Ireland". Commented Jun 27, 2022 at 19:43
  • @JanMurphy and the closest thing I found was seearoundbritain.com/venues/french-furze-county-kildare. But it tells me nothing. Commented Jun 27, 2022 at 19:45

1 Answer 1


The Curragh where the army were based is the one in Co. Kildare. It was the most important military base in Ireland in the 1800s and remains a military base to this day, now used by the Irish Defence Forces. So yes you have the correct Curragh.

The Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society Vol 53 (2001) reviewed “A Most Delightful Station. The British Army on the Curragh of Kildare, Ireland, 1855-1922 “ by Con Costello.

The review is on pp 195/6 of the journal, which can be found on the JSTOR subscription site. It mentions the French Furze. Furze is another word for gorse or whin and the Curragh is covered in gorse. The review says that the French Furze was an area to the south of the main camp where the local prostitutes lived. They were nicknamed wrens (the wren being a bird commonly found in gorse bushes).

“The Curragh wrens squatted in primitive makeshift shelters in the furze bushes, mostly in French Furze to the south of the camp.”

There’s no mention of a military encampment being there, indeed the description used implies that the French Furze was an area south of the camp proper. But presumably, based on the information in the census, at some point the Royal Sussex Regiment were camped there. Possibly a temporary overflow arrangement?

  • +1 Thank you for those clarifications. Since there is still a Military Camp there I am tempted to write them about it . Commented Jun 28, 2022 at 4:07
  • I find similar references as you described here (historyireland.com/the-curragh-army-camp). Most likely extracted from the same resource yuou referred to. Commented Jun 28, 2022 at 4:18

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