Some of my distant cousins arrived in the US around 1890, but I have been unable to track down a copy of the ship's manifest that documents the arrival. It is possible that they did not all come together, but this seems unlikely as the children were young around the time of arrival. The family came from Russia, from around St. Petersburg. Here is what I have:
Family as of the arrival date:
- Peter (Pesach) Axel, b. abt 1860, d. 1922
- Sarah Axel, b. 1860-1865, d. 1933, (wife)
- Jacob David Axel, b. 1880, d. ? (son)
- Lewis Axel, b. 1886, d. 1943, (son)
- Jennie Axel, b. 1888, d. 1976, (daughter)
- Tamah Axel, b. 1890 or 1891 in Russia or New York, depending on which census records you look at; d. 1983 (Daughter)
Evidence for immigration:
- Jacob David Axel's index to naturalization petitions (dated 6 Mar 1905) shows an arrival date of June 15, 1890 in New York.
- According to his naturalization record, Lewis Axel claims to have arrived in Boston on or about the 9th of June, 1891.
- Sarah Axel's 1933 death certificate claims that she resided in the the US for 43 years, 40 of which were in New York. This places immigration around 1890, and not to New York.
- First unambiguously US-born child is Mathies Axel who according to the 1930 and 1940 censuses was born in New Hampshire in 1893; his SSDI entry says he was born in 1892, but helpfully omits the place of birth.
So the evidence points to an arrival some time around 1890-1891, but I cannot find the ship's manifest. I have tried looking for all the children and for the parents, both in Boston, in New York, and elsewhere.
It's possible that the reason I cannot find the information is that their last name was not listed as Axel, but I have not found any hint of what their last name might have been. I have tried searching without specifying the last name, but that too has yielded nothing plausible.
What should I try now?