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The 1940 census includes fields for the person's residence in 1935. The fields are city, county, and state. When it says "same place" for the residence in 1935, does that refer to the town or to the house? In some cases, such as below, it also shows the name of the state in the "city" column.

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What can I infer reasonably from the "same place" entry?

  • I was looking up an ancestor by the name of Pierre Amey Plante, born about 1899 or 1900, in the 1940 United States Census and found that P.I. (short for Philippine Islands) also appeared in the same census. He was a soldier in the United States Army, living or stationed in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts in 1940, which leads me to ask whether he was stationed in the Philippines or in Boston, Massachusetts. – Tanya Kasim Apr 23 at 14:18
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The answer to this is in the column header right on the census page :) There are various instructions in the column headers as well as at the very bottom of the census pages.

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Text:

RESIDENCE, APRIL 1, 1935

IN WHAT PLACE DID THIS PERSON LIVE ON APRIL 1, 1935?

For a person who, on April 1, 1935, was living in the same house as at present, enter in Col. 17 "Same house," and for one living in a different house but in the same city or town, enter, "Same place," leaving Cols. 18, 19, and 20 blank, in both instances.

For a person who lived in a different place, enter city or town, county, and State as directed in the Instructions. (Enter actual place of residence, which may differ from mail address.)

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