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My girlfriend and I both share the same last name and our families claim they are both from the same Korean surname "clan". This is a huge sticking point for her father. I know so far with certainty that we don't share a great-grandfather just by asking my grandmother about my grandfather's immediate family (my grandfather has passed).

We've been thinking about signing up for 23andMe but I'm not entirely sure how accurate it is. I'd like to know if it would be worth our time doing a gene comparison. We want to know what degree of relation is between us.

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    Too bad you're not from Iceland huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/18/… – user47 Apr 25 '13 at 16:08
  • @JustinY lol thanks. "'Bump the app before you bump in bed,' says the catchy slogan." – user754 Apr 25 '13 at 16:49
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At this time, there are three possible approaches to your issue of resolving the closeness of your relationship to your (presumed) cousin.

  1. Good old-fashioned detailed analysis and interpretation of the documentary records backwards through as many generations as is necessary for your particular circumstances. The grave disadvantage is that by the time you answer the question, you and your potential partner may be too old to care.
  2. Comparison of genetic material (both chromosomal and mitochondrial). This will give you a rapid answer. Unfortunately, this answer will be definitive only if it is the one that you do not want. DNA will tell you with some certainty that you do share a common ancestor at generation X, but any statement that you are not related must be hedged with uncertainty (if the vendors are scientifically honest).
  3. Consult with the culturally-endorsed keepers of the old lore. This also allows for the fact that our common (western) assertion that kinship equals consanguinity is not universal. Other ethnic and cultural traditions choose to prohibit associations between individuals who europeans would regard as unrelated.

Before you send off your cheek swabs for analysis, you need to determine whether (future) father-in-law will regard the results as acceptable "evidence" in this context. If he does not, then you will have purchased some interesting information that does not actually advance your position.

  • From the examples I've seen, the SNP analysis done at 23andMe cannot give a clear accurate answer to the degree of relation. Complete strangers on the site seem to share enough SNP similarities to be deemed "5th cousins". Is there another form of DNA testing that can determine the degree with better accuracy? – user754 Apr 26 '13 at 6:45

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