The Free Dictionary defines a close as "A parcel of land that is surrounded by a boundary of some kind, such as a hedge or a fence."
From the context it appears that the estimation of "seven days work" is a measure of how large the land parcels are.
A search for the phrase "seven days work" turned up similar descriptions in The Bradford Antiquary: The Journal of the Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society, Volume 1 (1900), published in Yorkshire -- on page 60, a description of mortgages says:
With the Hall were sold several closes of land among them being "The
Ffalderinge" (containing eight days' work).
and following on the same page are descriptions of several other land parcels.
In Transactions of the Illinois State Horticultural Society, Volume 3 (1904) on page 493 there is a discussion of how much yield can be gotten out of a parcel of land, which says in part:
Last year we had 13 acres of yellow Dent corn, which produced 1,260
bushels crib measure at two and one-half square feet to the bushel.
This corn cost seven days' work for breaking the land and two days
pulverizing and dressing the ground, one day planting, nine days
cultivating, twenty-five days gathering the crop ....
I suspect that the 'seven days work' might be a rough estimate of how long it takes to break the ground, and is intended as a measure of how large the enclosure might be.
Resources for using land records in genealogy include:
If you can find out more about the location of the properties in this lot, you can try searching for tax rolls, like this record set from Yorshire, Land tax assessments for Bradford township, 1781-1832 found in the Family History Catalog. Sometimes valuation rolls list the occupier of the land, so David Mellor's name might appear in those records, even if they are not indexed to be searched by occupier's name.
Edited to add: an anonymous editor contributed this definition from ranchoregon.com/land-measurement:
The surface of land a man can work (farm) used to be a way to measure
The blog post "All in a Day's Work" by The Legal Genealogist has a glossary of law terms referring to things that could be done in a single day.