Well, building off of Robert Shaw's answer, it appears to me that the person in the photograph is wearing a Type I unit disk, which puts the photo somewhere between 1910 and 1937.
According to both the link in Robert's answer and this document - https://history.army.mil/html/museums/uniforms/survey_uwa.pdf -
the regimental number (48 in this case) was moved to the right side disk in 1917. So we know this is photo is 1917 or later. The PDF I linked also suggests that the jacket pattern changed in 1926, and the collar on the resulting uniform lies flatter and is less stiff. So I would say this photo was taken between 1917 and 1926. Unfortunately, the left side disk, which we can't see, would have shown both the company (A, B, C, etc.) and the unit type (Infantry, Engineers, Medical, etc.), which would have been useful.
However, while no means comprehensive, an internet search suggest that the only likely unit that fits this timeline is the 48th Infantry Regiment. According to this regimental history from the U.S. Army Center for Military history (https://history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/inf/0048in.htm)
(which is the source of the timeline in the Wikipedia article on the unit), the regiment was organized (meaning personnel were assigned to it) on June 1, 1917 in Syracuse, NY and was demobilized on July 31, 1922. It was part of the 20th Infantry Division, which never went overseas during WWI, so unless the person in the photo transferred to another unit, it is likely that they stayed in the U.S. during WWI.
So my best guess is that the person depicted belonged to the 48th Infantry Regiment, 20th Infantry Division, U.S. Army, and that the photo was taken between June 1917 and July 1922, somewhere in the U.S. If you can find a muster roll for the regiment during that period (there should be around 3700 soldiers in a U.S. Army regiment in the "square division" system of WWI), you might be able to see if any of the names seem familiar.