Questions tagged [18th-century]

For questions about research in the period from 1701 to 1800.

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What is this abbreviation from Virginia tax records?

I'm unable to decode this abbreviation: For a male (due to 1 tithe being charged) Brizendine surname in Essex County, Virginia 1782 personal tax list. Here is the whole page for context. See almost ...
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1 vote
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What are "avus" and "avia"?

I am working with some baptismal records in Southern Germany (Wurttemberg), second half of the 18th century. Three of the records concern siblings that all have the same godparents, who are husband ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What is word relating to wife of father in 1759 English (Somerset) baptism record?

This is from a 1759 baptism record in England. It reads, James, son of James Shepherd & Mary his wife of ????? baptized Jan 1 1759" The term is repeated for several other records but most are ...
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3 votes
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Records of German ancestor born c.1773 from Bolesławiec (Bunzlau)

My 5th great-grandfather immigrated to Russia in 1803 under the name Karl Ivanovich Jungfer. We have a good deal of records of his time in Russia, but nothing of his time before entering the country. ...
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2 votes
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What is a spinster widow in a North Carolina marriage record?

I found a marriage record: "North Carolina, County Marriages, 1762-1979 (FamilySearch)," database with images, FamilySearch (10 March 2021), W J Moses Knight and Charity Wenton, 22 Sep 1761;...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Widow's probate in 18th century US?

When my ancestor Elias Van Court died in 1750 in New Jersey, he left everything to his wife Ann "as long as she lives". (from "Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State ...
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Were 1700's Danish betrothals more likely to be of a couple that went through their confirmation ceremony together?

Was it considerably more common for marriages in 1700's Denmark to be comprised of a bride and groom from the same parish who also had their confirmation ceremonies in the same year or even in the ...
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4 votes
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Finding state records for Veneto region after 1815

I have been relying on this website for the records during the Napoleonic times: http://dl.antenati.san.beniculturali.it/en/gallery But after 1815 there is nothing. Are there any records from that ...
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Travelling within the UK in 1800s

My 4th great-grandfather was a weaver who was born in 1772 and was married, lived and died in the Wigan area. I have found a record dated 1801, for someone with the same name, age and occupation in ...
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4 votes
3 answers
139 views

Jewish records in Germany, late 1700 to early 1800

I've been able to trace my ancestry several generations but seemed to have reached a wall. Here's the [long] story behind my question below: Between records and family lore, I understand my 3rd great-...
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1 answer
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Where is Hepzibah Mason in Gregory Stone genealogy : ancestry and descendants of Dea. Gregory Stone of Cambridge, Mass., 1320-1917?

The American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI) on Ancestry has this record which states: Name: Hepzibah Mason Volume: 111 Page Number: 364 Reference: Gregory Stone gen. Anc. and des. Of ...
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3 answers
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How did Francis Lycett become a Gentleman?

My 5th great grandfather Archibald Campbell, PhD, married Mary Lycett in Staffordshire in 1776. Mary was the daughter of Francis Lycett, Gentleman of Weston Hall, and Ann Thompson, who was from a ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Identifying parents of Frederick Victor Sturm b.1756 Magdeburg

I am trying to find out who the parents of Frederick Victor Sturm were. He was born in Magdeburg Ackan in 1756 and then left Germany and served in the British army for 23 years from 1774-1797. He ...
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4 votes
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Did late 18th century naval ship captains conduct weddings? If so, where would these be recorded?

A pair of direct forebears, my 3xgreat-grandparents, eloped in the early-mid 1790s. He, Edward McDowell, had been the family coachman when he ran away with Susan of unknown surname. A 1797 naval ...
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Where is (or was) Trabash in Quebec?

In my efforts to track down my eloped 3xgreat-grandparents Edward McDowell and Susan of unknown surname (he'd been her family's coachman, possibly somewhere near Plymouth in Devonshire, and she was '...
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Finding birth/baptism record for Owen Melvin B. Pinkerton born in Indiana around 1872

My Great Grandfather was Owen Melvin B. Pinkerton born in Indiana around 1872. He was supposedly adopted by the Pinkerton's Married and had children in Kansas. Wife Florence Munkres. Children Harvey, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
87 views

Could Will be Proved twice?

My 7th great-grandfather Clement Uren appears to have written a Will on 7 Aug 1745 making his wife Elizabeth and daughter Tiberia the beneficiaries. At the Cornwall OPC (Online Parish Clerk) site ...
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6 votes
1 answer
162 views

Why doesn't my research meet the Genealogical Proof Standard?

I posted a related question here so it might be helpful to read it: England 1700s - how to decide between two good record matches? Thomas Fowler B: unknown England Marriage: 1766 Stillingfleet ...
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1 vote
5 answers
177 views

Deciding between two baptism records from ca 1744 for Thomas Fowler of Thorganby (Yorkshire, England)

I've traced my family tree to the 1700s Yorkshire, England. Thomas Fowler B: Abt. 1744 England Marriage: 1766 Stillingfleet to Jane Hare, Yorkshire and he was living in Thorganby at the time Thomas'...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does branobilis/braenobilis mean?

I have a baptismal entry (http://data.matricula-online.eu/en/oesterreich/gurk/st-peter-im-katschtal/S65_003-1/?pg=88, 3. from the top) that I cannot reproduce here due to the CC-BY-NC-ND license which ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Are there any extant records of Imperial subjects who moved to Britain?

I believe that one of my ancestors may have moved to Britain around the turn of the 19th century (1700s turning into 1800s) from a British colony, possibly the West Indies or the US, and landed in ...
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  • 1,635
3 votes
1 answer
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Would the custom of Charon's obol still be practised in 1722 in Carinthia, Austria?

In church death records I recently found odd remarks. In the Diocese of Gurk (Carinthia, Austria) in Malta in 1722 in several entries there is the term nauli morte or morte nauli. Example for a full ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What does "care of" mean in the 18th century with respect to letters?

In The Virginia Genealogist. Washington, DC: J. F. Dorman, 1957 - 2006. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009.) Name: Col. Abraham TRIGG; Record: ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What are the reasons people from the same parish may have married by license?

My ancestor William Ward married Margaret Powell in 1706. They both resided in the parish of Overton, Flintshire (in Wales) and married by license. I have heard that typically the purpose of ...
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3 votes
0 answers
107 views

Unreadable word in latin 18. century church death record

I'm unable to decrypt some word in a Latin church record of a death in 1769. It is available at Matricula Online (the second last entry on the page). Since the image is licensed CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0 I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
107 views

How to differentiate John Ormond (husband of Katharine Henderson) from others of the same name?

John Ormond, weaver, married Katharine Henderson, daughter of James Henderson, in Forfar in 1767. Baptism records can be found for three children: Jean Ormond (1768) Forfar Margaret (1771) Forfar ...
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4 votes
1 answer
350 views

Locating "Bankhead of ..." in parish of Forfar

I am attempting to determine the location of an area whose name is difficult to read on two parish records from the parish of Forfar: The marriage of John Ormond and Katherine Henderson in 1767 (...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Would wife have any entitlement to estate if not mentioned in husband's will?

I have a copy of a will dated 1743 of a married man, from Oxfordshire, England, which makes no mention of his wife. All his estate is left to his siblings, nephews, servants, etc. They had no children....
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1 vote
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Is Mariner to Nautical Assessor a likely career change in late 1730s Bermondsey?

In What records might survive of nautical assessor who died on London Docks in second half of 18th century? I have presented evidence that the father of John Stacy (1759-1831) was Henry Stacy, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What might letters L.H.M. after name at Chelsea Hospital (London) burial mean?

In Ancestry.com's England & Wales, Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567-1970 there is an image from Piece 4330: Chelsea Hospital (Church of England non-parochial), 1691-1765 which ...
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  • 11k
6 votes
1 answer
193 views

Would a Wife be mentioned in 18th Century English Will?

I have been transcribing a number of 18th Century English wills and noticed that there don't seem to be mentions of wives -- at least not in the ones that I'm working on. Given the legal doctrine of ...
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4 votes
1 answer
69 views

Was Daniel Rich (Jr.?) the grandson of Jacob Rich? Or, the confusing case of Daniel Rich (Sr.?) and Nancy Marshall

I apologize up front, because this is going to be a long, rambling and confusing question, but here goes: With a high degree of certainty, I can trace one branch of my family tree back to one Daniel ...
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2 votes
1 answer
201 views

English translation of "wagenknecht"

In a southern German church record from 1793 I found the professional designation "Wagenknecht". From the context it is clear that the person was working in the military at the time, and it seems he ...
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3 votes
1 answer
423 views

What is this word for untaxed tithe in Virginia in 1761?

I need help reading this word (?Tist?) that keeps occuring in the Chesterfield tithe list for 1761 in Colony of Virginia: It seems to be repeated on each entry that is not counted for the tithes. ...
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1 vote
2 answers
110 views

Finding parents of John Brown 1774-1845 born Kingsbury Episcopi, Somerset, England?

Henry Brown was born 1746 who I have attributed to being the father of John Brown. The records show he was a sojouner and agricultural labourer, so he was down as a sojourner as he probably traveled ...
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3 votes
1 answer
242 views

What was the career of Patrick Golden on the 1870 census?

I am unable to read what follows "Painter" in the 1870 federal census record for Patrick Golden of Boston: What is in parentheses after his name? It appears to start with "H". Here is the full page:
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4 votes
1 answer
309 views

What is the meaning of the handwritten notation on the pension record of Charles Clements?

I am trying to interpret this US Revolutionary War pension payment record: I am interested in the date of death of Charles Clements of Flauvanna, Virginia. The line for him ends with this notation: ...
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4 votes
1 answer
206 views

Who were the wives of John Ervin (1791-1843)?

According to Benjamin Shinn in Biographical Memories of Blackford County (The Bowen Publishing Company, 1900, p. 240): John Ervin was prominent among the early settlers. His early life was spent ...
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6 votes
0 answers
113 views

Deciphering place names in Northern Alsace?

I am having some difficulties with a 1797 marriage record from Birlenbach, Northern Alsace (departement Bas-Rhin), specifically some of the geography. The record is hard to retrieve (all they let me ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Determining if mid-18th century signatures are from same hand?

All three are by the groom in an English marriage certificate. #1 from 1751 lists him as a bachelor; #2 from 1758 lists him as a widower; #3 from 1763 does not specify a marital status. All are from ...
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2 votes
1 answer
55 views

What is meaning of apostatavit on 18th century Alsatian birth record?

I am looking at a birth record from Alsace, 1751. In the margin is written the word "apostatavit". I have not been able to figure out what that means. Any ideas?
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why were Bondsmen shown for 1717 Probate Letters of Administration?

Researching a 7 x GGfather who died 1717 (A land owning Farmer & Yeoman) I came across a Letter of Administration Probate record (effectively his Will) setting out his Goods & Chattels. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
75 views

Can someone sort out a tricky wedding party for me?

I am trying to wrap my head around a tricky wedding party from a marriage record in Northern Alsace, 1796. The bride's name is Dorothea Neufarth, her parents are given as Georg Neufarth and Anna Maria ...
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4 votes
1 answer
101 views

What is "Geschwisterkind von muetterlicher seit"?

I have a death record from 1790 Alsace. It concerns a one-year old child named Johann Philipp Gassmann, son of Johann Erhardt Gassmann and Margaretha Bley. As seems customary in Alsace at the time, ...
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5 votes
2 answers
110 views

Assessing the frequency of surname in an 18th century English parish

I have a set of marriage and baptism records for an 18th century/early 19th century English parish, and want to assess the probability that the participants are related in some way, before I spend ...
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4 votes
2 answers
380 views

What is being recorded in this Latin church vital record?

I have a document from the Ljubljana archives in Slovenia that I do not understand: As best I can tell, it is written in Latin and there are alternating columns for male and female sex. I think a ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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How can I strengthen my identification of Luke Hallam and his wife Ann in 18th century Nottinghamshire?

My ancestors John Brooks and Ann Hallam married in November 1798 in Clifton with Glapton, Nottinghamshire. The couple had 8 children baptised between 1800 and 1813. (All sources except where specified ...
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1 vote
2 answers
154 views

Could Francis Tolvert Greenway baptised 1774 at Falmouth be Francis Green who married Grace Woodley 1798 at Totnes?

I have asked a question about my 4th great grandfather Francis Green previously as Finding late 18th Century service record of Francis Green in Cornish Militia? Francis Green was, according to: the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
77 views

What is this first name or Haynes surname?

I need help recognizing this first name for Haynes: I think it begins with a B perhaps something like Barimanus? This comes from the Franklin County, Virginia personal tax list for 1786.
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3 votes
1 answer
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Looking for very old water way in North Carolina?

I have scoured the internet and state archives. I am in need of locating this Oak(s) Branch off of Moon Creek in Caswell County, North Carolina. Attached is the original survey map. I have trolled ...
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