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Questions tagged [18th-century]

For questions about research in the period from 1701 to 1800.

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What is this word for untaxed tithe in Virginia in 1761?

I need help reading this word (?Tist?) that keeps occuring in the Chesterfield tithe list for 1761 in Colony of Virginia: It seems to be repeated on each entry that is not counted for the tithes. ...
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Finding parents of John Brown 1774-1845 born Kingsbury Episcopi, Somerset, England?

Henry Brown was born 1746 who I have attributed to being the father of John Brown. The records show he was a sojouner and agricultural labourer, so he was down as a sojourner as he probably traveled ...
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230 views

What was the career of Patrick Golden on the 1870 census?

I am unable to read what follows "Painter" in the 1870 federal census record for Patrick Golden of Boston: What is in parentheses after his name? It appears to start with "H". Here is the full page:
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What is the meaning of the handwritten notation on the pension record of Charles Clements?

I am trying to interpret this US Revolutionary War pension payment record: I am interested in the date of death of Charles Clements of Flauvanna, Virginia. The line for him ends with this notation: ...
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Who were the wives of John Ervin (1791-1843)?

According to Benjamin Shinn in Biographical Memories of Blackford County (The Bowen Publishing Company, 1900, p. 240): John Ervin was prominent among the early settlers. His early life was spent ...
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Deciphering place names in Northern Alsace?

I am having some difficulties with a 1797 marriage record from Birlenbach, Northern Alsace (departement Bas-Rhin), specifically some of the geography. The record is hard to retrieve (all they let me ...
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Determining if mid-18th century signatures are from same hand?

All three are by the groom in an English marriage certificate. #1 from 1751 lists him as a bachelor; #2 from 1758 lists him as a widower; #3 from 1763 does not specify a marital status. All are from ...
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What is meaning of apostatavit on 18th century Alsatian birth record?

I am looking at a birth record from Alsace, 1751. In the margin is written the word "apostatavit". I have not been able to figure out what that means. Any ideas?
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Why were Bondsmen shown for 1717 Probate Letters of Administration?

Researching a 7 x GGfather who died 1717 (A land owning Farmer & Yeoman) I came across a Letter of Administration Probate record (effectively his Will) setting out his Goods & Chattels. ...
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Can someone sort out a tricky wedding party for me?

I am trying to wrap my head around a tricky wedding party from a marriage record in Northern Alsace, 1796. The bride's name is Dorothea Neufarth, her parents are given as Georg Neufarth and Anna Maria ...
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What is “Geschwisterkind von muetterlicher seit”?

I have a death record from 1790 Alsace. It concerns a one-year old child named Johann Philipp Gassmann, son of Johann Erhardt Gassmann and Margaretha Bley. As seems customary in Alsace at the time, ...
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Assessing the frequency of surname in an 18th century English parish

I have a set of marriage and baptism records for an 18th century/early 19th century English parish, and want to assess the probability that the participants are related in some way, before I spend ...
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What is being recorded in this Latin church vital record?

I have a document from the Ljubljana archives in Slovenia that I do not understand: As best I can tell, it is written in Latin and there are alternating columns for male and female sex. I think a ...
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How can I strengthen my identification of Luke Hallam and his wife Ann in 18th century Nottinghamshire?

My ancestors John Brooks and Ann Hallam married in November 1798 in Clifton with Glapton, Nottinghamshire. The couple had 8 children baptised between 1800 and 1813. (All sources except where specified ...
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Could Francis Tolvert Greenway baptised 1774 at Falmouth be Francis Green who married Grace Woodley 1798 at Totnes?

I have asked a question about my 4th great grandfather Francis Green previously as Finding late 18th Century service record of Francis Green in Cornish Militia? Francis Green was, according to: the ...
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What is this first name or Haynes surname?

I need help recognizing this first name for Haynes: I think it begins with a B perhaps something like Barimanus? This comes from the Franklin County, Virginia personal tax list for 1786.
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Looking for very old water way in North Carolina?

I have scoured the internet and state archives. I am in need of locating this Oak(s) Branch off of Moon Creek in Caswell County, North Carolina. Attached is the original survey map. I have trolled ...
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Interpreting 17th century German church record?

I'm an amateur genealogist and I have browsed through 17th and 18th century German church records in pursuit of my ancestry and I am now stuck. Background My sources come from: https://www.archion....
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249 views

Reading descriptor preceding name in 18th century German church record?

I previously asked about this record in Reading Latin date description in 18th century German church record? Now I am curious about an abbreviation that repeats frequently in this recordset, namely ...
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Would selling land at a low price to someone of the same surname indicate a familial relationship?

Using family bible records, deeds, and census records, I have traced my Fulton family line to my 3rd great grandfather Gersham Fulton in Anderson District South Carolina. But I am now at a dead end. ...
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Interpreting dates in German church registers from 18th century?

Working with 18th century church records, I found two confusing date entries that I have a hard time wrapping my head around: The records are from the Untertürkheimer Kirchenbuch (1694-1800), which ...
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Reading Latin date description in 18th century German church record?

This record of my x-gg's brother shows a wedding date recorded from the church calendar. What does this mean? (I read the header as "Fer. II Pascs." -- is that perchance Easter Monday?)
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Translating German/Latin in German marriage record from 1706?

Can anyone here help me decipher the salacious comments on this marriage record? I get the main points. On April 6, 1706, my x-great grandfather's brother Christoph (of Untertürkheim, Württemberg) ...
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Finding 18th century birth record when “born Foreign Parts” according to 1841 England Census?

I am seeking birth and or baptism records for my 5x ggf John Kennick: born abt 1776 (born Foreign Parts re: England 1841 census), death 1848 Greenwich, 1st wife seems to be Mary Kennick nee Philips ...
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Interpreting Land Record Abstract pre-1730 Pennsylvania?

I am researching the 4 generations of my family that arrived in Chester County Pennsylvania between 1682-1715. In order to get a fuller picture of these ancestors, I've just begun looking through the ...
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Could Snows X be intersection of Snowsfield and Crucifix Lane, Bermondsey?

My 4th great grandparents John Smyth and Sarah Osment baptised their son William on 10 Oct 1773 at St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England. In the image of that baptism below seems to give ...
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What type of journey from Plymouth to Exeter in 1751 might cost 1 pound 5 shillings?

My 6th great-grandfather Robert Osment was baptised on 8 Mar 1703, married (to Elizabeth Simons) on 3 Jan 1729, and buried on 6 May 1756, with these life events all occurring at Plymouth Charles, ...
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Were minors always described as such in 18th century wills?

I have been reading a will (Ancestry UK link), written by Giles Fox of Bourton on the Water, Gloucestershire, in 1780. It was proved after his death in 1789. In it, he leaves his property to his three ...
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What does Orring County North Carolina mean in Quaker records?

These pages from the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting records in North Carolina have several entries that refer to Orring County: Sarah Wright daughter of John & Rachel Wright was; born in North ...
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Understanding wording of 1720 baptism at Stogumber, Somerset, England?

My 5th great grandparents William Sellick/Selleck and his wife Alice had children baptised at Stogumber, Somerset, England in 1744, 1747, 1749, 1752, 1755, 1757, 1759 and 1762. I have not found a ...
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Finding source of father's first name on 1713 Staffordshire baptism from FamilySearch index?

William Fletcher, who I believe to have been my 6th great grandfather was baptised on 27 Sep 1713 at St Mary, Brewood, Staffordshire, England. The image of that baptism, from FindMyPast's ...
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What is this annotation on tax record for Virginia with no males?

I have a 1792 Charlotte County, Virginia Tax record for Harrison Monday that contains some kind of annotation: The tax record records zero tithable males and 2 horses for a tax of $0.04. Since there ...
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What is this percentage column in the Virginia Land Tax Records?

Looking at the Frederick County Virginia Land Tax Records for 1782 What is this percentage in the Virginia Land Tax Records? And another image from the first page of the ledger: I read the column ...
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What does “Int. Reads” mean on list of marriages from around Boston about 1794?

Looking through a list of marriages in the Boston, MA area around 1794 and I see on most marriages there's a line that reads "Int. Reads" below the couple. It seems to be correcting there names or ...
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Deciphering part of 1799 probate from USA?

In the numbered parts (which I've highlighted) of the probate for Joseph Eayers pictured below: Does that mean Joseph was a widow? And what does the "third" and "excepted" part mean? Does "incapable ...
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Identifying birth family of Elizabeth Chichester who married in 1799 at Old Cleeve, Somerset, England?

Elizabeth Chichester married William Clarke on 5 Feb 1799 at Old Cleeve, Somerset, England. I have not found a baptism record for Elizabeth, and as a result I am seeking alternative types of evidence ...
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Why name John Doe as surety?

It's not uncommon to find John Doe named as surety on a bond, as shown in the eighteenth century probate bond below: Either there were an awful lot of John Does in Leicestershire, or John Doe was ...
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How to Decipher months in Virginia tax records with Information on the Collection Methodology?

I'm browsing the Binns Virginia Personal and Land tax records from 1780s, 1790s, and 1800s and often the month is very hard to read. For example, I think William Samples is July 12, 1799, but very ...
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Locating given surname listed in Virginia Tax Records from late 18th and early 19th century?

I'm browsing the Binns Virginia Personal and Land tax records from 1780s, 1790s, and 1800s to try and locate more sources in my research. In so doing, Binns has some indexing, but it appears to be ...
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What was surname of Susan/Susanna, wife of Edward McDowell, from Devon area in abt 1800?

There is an old story in my mother's family of my great-great-great-grandmother Susan having come from a wealthy family but been 'cut off with an angry shilling' when she married the family coachman, ...
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Who raised two orphaned children in 1765?

A mother died 11 January 1765, two weeks after the baptism of two children. Her gravestone refers to leaving two children and a friend. One source (local history group) says father died in the same ...
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Understanding Index to Death Duty Registers 1796-1903 for 1799 death in Radnorshire, Wales?

This question is closely related to Finding wills/probate for printers of Brecon, Wales who died in 1794, 1820 and 1839? where @HarryVervet provided an excellent answer. Today I came across a record ...
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Looking for Adam Gould and Rachel Burkholder in 18th/19th century Pennsylvania?

I can find a later Adam Gould and Rachel Burkholder in McKeesport but I am looking for an earlier couple that may have lived in Westmoreland County PA. They would be the parents of the Adam in ...
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Correlating military and civil records for one or two individuals

This question is, although a little late, inspired by the Weekly Topic Challenge on "correlating military service records with other sources". It's also part of an effort to re-examine some of the "...
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Why would a regular soldier join a militia? Circa 1795/1800s

Has anyone ever come across an instance where a soldier has left the regular army and joined a militia? I have an ancestor who served with the 3rd or King's Own Regiment of Dragoons in the 1790s on ...
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Searching marriage records for London by witnesses?

Today a key piece of information about my 4th great grandmother Sarah Osment Smyth came to my attention when @ValerieFennell wrote: I have Sarah Osment Smyth as witness at the marriage of James ...
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Why is Maria listed twice in this 18th century church record?

I see a Maria Lent listed twice in a church record shown at Ancestry.com: Also the year is unclear and entered twice there: Name: Maria Lent Gender: Female Event Type: Baptism Birth Date: 10 Feb ...
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Does a bequest of $1 or “to be paid on their demand” mean it is a minor child?

I'm looking at the Will of Zebulon Tharp dated October 1, 1775. On page three it appears as follows: Starting at line 8, it reads in part: ...I also will and bequeath unto my son Benjamin Tharp ...
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Why would people have to pay marriage licence bonds?

Why would two people over 21 have to pay a Licence bond in Wiltshire in the 1700s? My 4x great grandparents paid a bond, even though they were both over 21.
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How were the beneficiaries of the 1872 Will of Mary Rogers related?

My fourth great grandmother was Elizabeth Crawley, born 1791, probably in London. She married William Stretch in 1819 in Whitechapel. The witnesses to their marriage were D. Rogers and Mary Rogers, ...