Questions tagged [england]

For questions about ancestors and records in the country of England. Also tag the county if the question is specific to that county.

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25
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the significance of the character “j” at the end of a Roman Numeral?

While using an old (1907) book of transcriptions (on-line) The Parish Register of Gargrave in the County of York , I was puzzled by the number of dates recorded in the 16th and early 17th centuries ...
22
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3answers
629 views

Church Censuses a one off?

I have photocopies of clerical censuses from 1828 & 1838 from a parish in Herefordshire, England. In fact the details given offer more information than state censuses. Have researchers found ...
19
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5answers
447 views

How can I establish (and describe) my confidence that the child and adult are the same person?

My two general questions are: At what point can one say that, yes, the adult you have identified as your ancestor is the same person as the child you think might be your ancestor, and that you have ...
19
votes
1answer
74 views

What constitutes Employment in Labour of a Child in England & Wales?

In 1883, a Requisition for a certified copy of birth for the purposes of the Elementary Education Act, 1876 was made for a youth born in 1872. Given he was 11, would the request have been for ...
18
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4answers
3k views

What are Marriage Banns and how can I use them in my research?

There are three dates listed on my third great grandfather's 1825 Church of England Parish Register of marriages: Oct 23, Oct 30, and Nov 6 All Saints, Tower Hamlets, London, England Source ...
18
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4answers
11k views

What is the earliest age a boy in England could get married in the 1800s?

My wife has an ancestor named Charles Davies. The 1841 and 1851 Wales censuses as well as his marriage record state that he was born in Flintshire, Wales between 1813 and 1816. A search for his ...
18
votes
1answer
185 views

Facilitators for Adoption

I have just tried to help with a question elsewhere on adoption and it has fuelled me with a fresh question. Someone wanted to find a connection between a family who "adopted" an illegitimate child, ...
17
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5answers
7k views

Did son-in-law have a different meaning in mid-19th century England?

Most modern dictionaries define family relationships in a narrow sense. So that "son in law" refers to the husband of your daughter. However, I have encountered a very different use in the UK census ...
16
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9answers
678 views

Locating an elusive UK birth record (Mary Ann Harper born circa 1865 possibly Dudley, England)?

I have a female great grand-mother in England for whom I have her marriage certificate and her death certificate, plus census records from marriage until death. From these I know her unmarried name, ...
13
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8answers
2k views

How can I identify all the possible alternatives for a surname

My ancestor Mary Ann Harper is frustratingly elusive as mentioned here. However, Harper is a surname that would lend itself to different spellings in censuses, birth records and the like — ...
13
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4answers
530 views

Is the term “baptism” or “christening” more accurate in old parish registers?

Looking at Church of England parish registers from the 17th-18th centuries, some pages are titled "baptisms" while others "christenings". Now we use the terms more or less interchangeably, but would ...
13
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2answers
177 views

What does “Effects under” refer to on proving a will?

On proving of a will in 1866 in Ramsbury, England, the executors state 'Effects under thirty five thousand pounds'. Was this a general figure for wills or would this represent a rough net worth?
13
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1answer
276 views

What records might be created in England when people are re-interred?

There are two people in my database that seem to have two records about their burials -- one in Massachusetts, and one in Devon. I haven't found any other information that would indicate these are ...
12
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4answers
416 views

Finding New York birth record from around 1804?

My 3rd great grandfather, Charles James Sanderson, was born around 1804 in New York according to the 1851 and 1861 England Census (and some other references I've been able to find). The earliest ...
11
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4answers
5k views

England - What are some possible reasons an ancestor would name his accountant in his will as a beneficiary?

I found my 2x great-grandfather's probate record on Ancestry: https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/19716606?h=660803&utm_campaign=bandido-webparts&utm_source=post-share-modal&utm_medium=copy-...
11
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6answers
3k views

How can I find out about military service in WW1 for an English veteran?

My grandfather, Robert Wright (born 1896, Kings Norton, Worcestershire, England; and still living there in the 1911 census), fought in WW1 and was (according to family oral tradition) gassed while he ...
11
votes
3answers
208 views

Strategy for distinguishing between two possible baptisms, and thus people, parents, etc.?

My partner has an ancestor, Peggy Crossley, probably born around 1750, who married Henry Rawlinson in Burnley, Lancaster (source) in October 1767. I have two candidate baptismal records that seem ...
11
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4answers
452 views

Reducing cost of BMD Certificates in England and Wales?

The cost of BMD certificates from the General Records Office (GRO) of England and Wales is quite expensive (£9.25 at time of writing) but what is preventing the obvious streamlining of this? The GRO, ...
11
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2answers
413 views

What was occupation of Viewer?

On my parent's marriage certificate dated 1954, my mother's occupation is given as "Viewer". From oral testimony, I know that they met while both working at the Rover car factory in Solihull, UK. I'...
11
votes
3answers
708 views

Status of Ted Wildy's UK Marriage Witness Index?

In the 1990's, Ted Wildy of New Zealand created an index of marriage witnesses, which had contributions of the names of the witnesses of many marriages in the UK (as well as Australia and New Zealand)....
11
votes
2answers
163 views

How can I distinguish between name changes and missing records?

Every now and again I come across a person, who seems to have changed their name. For example, a birth/baptism record may have one name, while subsequent records (marriage, census…) use another for ...
10
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3answers
3k views

England - what are some possible reasons that my ancestor only listed his daughters in his will and none of his sons?

I found the will of my 3x great-grandfather. Robert Fowler BIRTH ABT. 1767 • Thorganby, Yorkshire, England DEATH ABT FEB 1833 • Thorganby, Yorkshire, England He had several children: Ann Fowler ...
10
votes
2answers
635 views

How likely is it that the England & Wales Census would be wrong about an age by ten years?

Or is it just a gap in the records? My 3xgreat-grandmother, Sarah Rule, is shown in the 1851, 1871 and 1881 Censuses for England and Wales with ages that would indicate a date of birth around 1809–...
10
votes
2answers
491 views

Did 19th century English women sometimes change the first name they used?

I have some confusing, conflicting sources that suggest that the one woman went by two different names. They relate to the parents of Cyril Albert Victor House, born in 1897. His christening record ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Citing local BMD registrations in England and Wales

The index of civil registrations of births, marriages, and deaths in England and Wales can be found on the FreeBMD Web site. This is not yet complete but fuller versions can also be found on the ...
10
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2answers
111 views

Tracing Elizabeth Watson of Winchelsea, Sussex after 1815?

Elizabeth Watson was born about 1793 at Winchelsea, Sussex, England. She is listed as mother to William Bourne Russell Watson, born 30 June 1815 at Winchelsea, Sussex, England. Family folk lore says ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Determining the area covered by an Enumeration District (ED) on the 1939 Register?

The way places are organized and indexed in the 1939 Register has me somewhat befuddled. Sometimes even when looking at an original page, the parish or village name is not shown, making it difficult ...
10
votes
1answer
175 views

Organizing geographical reference material for English parishes?

My main research is kept on my computer -- I attach sources to Ancestry's and Find My Past's online trees primarily as a means to keep track of what records I've already found on Ancestry and Find My ...
10
votes
1answer
259 views

Who are the parents of George Juden?

I've spent a lot of time working on this brick wall and I was hoping for a fresh pair of eyes, heres what I have: George Juden is my 3rd Great Grandfather, He married Elizabeth Salvage and had five ...
9
votes
4answers
195 views

Applying a corrected relationship to a census on Ancestry

Ancestry.com provide a way of applying per-user corrections to census records. However, this only supports changes to a personal name, place of birth, or date of birth. I would like to report a ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What does 'in attendance' mean on an England death certificate?

This is the death certificate of my x2 great-grandmother. The informant is her eldest son. What does 'in attendance' mean on a death certificate? Does it mean that the person was with her when she ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Is there a comprehensive repository of pre-1841 local censuses in Britain available online?

The first national Census in Britain was in 1841, but there are several local enumerations of populations of particular parishes and towns, for example: The parish censuses listed in the answers to ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Freehold and copyhold land in 18th century England?

The will of my ancestor, Matthew Wilson of Wannerton, dated 1776, refers to "my Freehold or Copyhold Lands or Tenements in the parish of Clent or elsewhere". What do the terms freehold and copyhold ...
9
votes
1answer
713 views

Would having the exact same GRO Birth Index reference mean two children born to the same parents were twins?

I have two ancestors, Mary Juden and Sarah Juden. I have Sarah's Birth Certificate but not Mary's as shown below. They were both baptised on the same day, 16 September 1838 as shown below. They both ...
9
votes
2answers
185 views

Which British Army regiment did Thomas Stretch join as a drummer boy in 1774?

Thomas Stretch was born in Norwich in 1763, joined the army, eventually retired in Nottingham and died there in 1851. His Chelsea Pension Discharge record (PDF) from 1807 states 33 years 9 months ...
9
votes
1answer
105 views

Using lead with discrepancies to break down brickwall?

I have hit a brickwall in my family research but have a possible lead. However, there are some discrepancies in this lead. I have gone to extra-ordinary lengths to research this and I am almost at ...
9
votes
1answer
587 views

How did the lives of Worcestershire nail-makers change 1840-1880?

The 1851 Census of England and Wales shows my ancestors living in Forge Lane, Halesowen, Worcestershire. Note that not only are all the adult males on the page working as gun barrel forgers, but also ...
9
votes
2answers
323 views

Landowning in Eighteenth Century Gloucestershire?

I am a PhD student and I am working on finding information about a particular family. I know the fathers name and the rough place that he owned a freehold (Oldbury in Gloucester - which I believe ...
8
votes
4answers
473 views

Deciphering an Intended Marriage from England around 1800

I have a record that is an Intent to Marriage for my very great grandparents George Dutton and Ann Davies. I'm trying to understand exactly what it means, including the handwritten portions. ...
8
votes
3answers
397 views

Strategy to find death of individual with common name?

I thought I had found the death certificate for my grandfather Thomas Jones (born 1905) but the recent availability of the 1939 register and the Midlands Electoral Rolls have proven me wrong (see Back ...
8
votes
3answers
795 views

What was the weather like?

I would like to build context for certain genealogical events I am researching, and one component - as dull as it may seem - is weather. For example, it would be interesting to know what the weather ...
8
votes
2answers
295 views

Meaning of “dofhoadayne” in 1648 Will of William Noake from Longburton, Dorset, England?

The man I believe to be my 9th great grandfather William Noake wrote his Will on 2 Jan 1648 at Longburton, Dorset, England, and a cropped image from very near the beginning of that document appears ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What does “living 15 Rich. II” mean for the year an ancestor was alive in England?

What does "living 15 Rich. II" mean for the year an ancestor was alive in England? This is a notation used in the British Roots of Maryland Families II by Robert W. Barnes regarding the Bysshe Family....
8
votes
6answers
2k views

What sources exist for 15th century England?

Rule #1 for genealogy in the early 21st century has to be “don’t trust information from trees you find online: verify first”. That said, I’ve actually had some quite good results from following back ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

What are some possible reasons that a father's name is missing from a birth certificate - England?

I posted a previous question about my great-grandmother before but I ordered her birth certificate from the New GRO index https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/indexes_search.asp However, ...
8
votes
1answer
347 views

Reading comment in 1825 baptism register?

I'm trying to read the comment that has been added above the curate's signature in the final column of an 1825 baptism record from Lancaster Priory: It relates to a second entry that appears a few ...
8
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2answers
153 views

Interpreting a Freemasons' Lodge Register

According to the records available on Ancestry, Edward Harper of Kidderminster joined the Lodge of Hope and Charity on 30 April 1836 aged 35 (so born approx 1801, which ties up with the 1841 census ...
8
votes
1answer
80 views

Locating records of coronor's Inquests in Oxfordshire in 1909?

I have a death certificate issued in Oxford (Oxfordshire, England) in 1909 that says the cause of death, decided by an inquest the next day, was by drowning (in the river). Where would records of the ...
8
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2answers
2k views

How much did people travel in the early 1800's?

Our family bible tells me that my gx2 grandfathe3 Robert Chapman was born in Cornwall in 1811 but despite searching for 20 years (and building up a tree containing 7,000+ ancestors I can't locate him ...
8
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1answer
90 views

Day of publication of Church of England marriage banns in 1909

The banns for the marriage of Albert Herbert William Proctor and Julia Ann Coulson were read on the 6th, 13th and 20th October 1908, which were 3 consecutive Tuesdays. According to Lord Hardwick's ...

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