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21
votes
3answers
4k views

Intra Family marriage / rejoining family trees?

Deep in my families history (1600's or there abouts) our family split in two. About three or four generations later two distant cousins got married creating a split / rejoin. G.G.G....
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Do any programs use Gedcom X (as opposed to Gedcom)?

Gedcom X appears to be an attempt at a next generation gedcom format. "The intent of GEDCOM X is to define a standard for modeling and exchanging the components of the research process that ...
14
votes
2answers
782 views

Correctly identifying individual who goes by multiple names?

This question is general to all inquiries where a person has differing last names in multiple records. In my particular case, I am researching my 3rd great grandfather Simon Zoller (1840-1902) and I ...
7
votes
11answers
1k views

Creating and improving family tree online with help from relatives?

I know of Publishing family tree online? but my requirements are different. I would like to have my family tree online to create and improve it with relatives. I'm looking for a tool to share my work ...
22
votes
8answers
3k views

Of a death certificate and a gravestone, which record should be trusted more in determining birth date?

I have an ancestor for whom I have very little information for. I am trying to identify the exact birth date for this person. I have a death certificate which lists the birth date as "May 1st", ...
21
votes
5answers
828 views

Statistical Genealogy, or Knowing what is an extraordinary claim

It is often said in genealogy (or any field of research, really) that “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”. Fair enough. But how does one know what is an extraordinary claim? We can ...
16
votes
6answers
1k views

Determining what old document with Illegible handwriting says?

When looking through handwritten records, I found a document. Some fields are legible and matched information I already knew. However, the name is written illegibly. I cannot read it for the life of ...
12
votes
3answers
227 views

What details are needed about ancestor to uncover ship they immigrated to America on?

What basic information do I need to have about my ancestor before I start looking for the ship that he/she came to America on? So that I don't waste a lot of time fruitlessly searching for a ship - ...
12
votes
4answers
9k views

How to merge Gedcom files?

A relative has sent me five GEDCOM files of different family branches. They are partly redundant, their content is formatted differently and place names are inconsistent. While most programs offer ...
16
votes
2answers
327 views

Persistent URLs (web addresses) for online records of genealogical events

Are there any standards, or common usage, for the creation of persistent (long-lived) URLs (web addresses) for genealogy events? (more accurately these would be called IRIs, but URLs are the more ...
15
votes
5answers
407 views

When documenting location, should my or their native language be used for place names?

When I'm documenting the place where an event occurred, should I write the name in my own language or in the native language of the place? For example: Spain or España I am assuming that I can only ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Citation guides for UK sources for family history and genealogy

Evidence Explained by Elizabeth Shown Mills (Mills, Elizabeth Shown. Evidence Explained: Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace. Revised edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., ...
13
votes
2answers
305 views

Where are genealogical data standards futures currently being discussed/developed? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What standards exist for the exchange of genealogical information? The GEDCOM standard has been moribund for many years since it was abandoned by the Mormon church. There ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Organizing Research: Should I start a binder system?

In today's day and age, are newbies still starting binder systems? I am reading Unpuzzling Your Past, 4th edition by Emily Anne Croom and it is very good. She advocates binders that organize by ...
11
votes
6answers
3k views

How can I find out about military service in WW1 for an English veteran?

My grandfather, Robert Wright (born 1896, Kings Norton, Worcestershire, England; and still living there in the 1911 census), fought in WW1 and was (according to family oral tradition) gassed while he ...
11
votes
4answers
330 views

What DNA data is important to record?

When DNA testing is done for genealogical purposes, they send back reports with all sorts of incomprehensible information. I want to save the important information with the person in my genealogy ...
10
votes
3answers
619 views

With generations of multiple marriages and step children, how is this family relationship described? [duplicate]

I'm not sure is this is the right SE to ask but I'll ask non the less. I'm trying to define a family relationship. I think the person is my step step first cousin once removed. My my Grand-Father is ...
8
votes
1answer
291 views

Finding an elusive ancestor after the 1901 census (who may have deserted his family)

What strategies should I adopt to find an elusive ancestor in the early twentieth century? He may have deserted his family, so I can't rely on records of a wife of children to corroborate ...
7
votes
4answers
271 views

How do I create a list of my most distant ancestors online or with a Mac?

I want to create a list of my most distant ancestors (= ancestors without known parents) of each family branch from a Gedcom file. We call them Spitzenahnen in German and some applications can create ...
5
votes
1answer
253 views

Using a card index to find Probate records?

Since I asked the question about working with unindexed probate records, I have located some card indexes for administrations in Queens County New York online (as images which can be browsed) and one ...
5
votes
1answer
425 views

Finding alternate indexes or record sets for passenger lists / ship manifests from Germany?

I'm researching German immigrants to the USA. Some of their records can be found in NARA's Access to Archival Databases, in this collection: Data Files Relating to the Immigration of Germans to the ...
2
votes
5answers
3k views

Software that will print everybody related and unrelated — what should I look for?

I am new to genealogy and looking for a software package that will list/chart/print "Everybody" that I have entered in the database, related and not directly related. I realise this will result in a ...
27
votes
9answers
6k views

How should place names be recorded?

I have been entering place names into genealogical records from smallest to largest location (i.e. town/locality, county/parish/district, state/province, country). Where one part is not known, I have ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between “primary information” and “secondary information?”

In genealogical research, what is the difference between primary information and secondary information. Why do genealogists bother with making such distinctions?
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How to handle indirect family?

How should data regarding remarriages, adoptions, etc be handled in a family tree? Should extra branches be created for the "spare" cousins, step-relatives, etc? Or is there another way to map the ...
13
votes
2answers
356 views

How can I get all the military records available through NARA (USA) for an individual veteran?

When requesting the military records for an individual veteran from the national archives, I was only sent the discharge summary. How do I know if there are any more records available for the ...
11
votes
1answer
632 views

Finding orphaned grandfather's original surname?

I'm trying to find my Grandfather's original name. He changed it when he became 18, back in 1941. He was an orphan and never told anyone what it was before he changed it. My dad always said Bair was ...
11
votes
3answers
213 views

Strategy for distinguishing between two possible baptisms, and thus people, parents, etc.?

My partner has an ancestor, Peggy Crossley, probably born around 1750, who married Henry Rawlinson in Burnley, Lancaster (source) in October 1767. I have two candidate baptismal records that seem ...
10
votes
5answers
789 views

How should I record unsuccessful searches (that may constitute negative evidence)?

How should I record the fact that I have performed a search in a certain dataset and came up empty-handed? As an example: I search for Person X in the New Hampshire Marriages index on Family ...
10
votes
4answers
260 views

How do I deal with alternative spellings to names?

I am trying to find out information for an Arzula Hokum and am running head-first into issues with her name. Her first name sounds like Ursula and her last like some variant of Holcomb(e). How do I ...
10
votes
2answers
662 views

Do photocopiers deteriorate photos and documents worse than scanners?

I think that both deteriorate the originals, but is photocopying worse than scanning? Both use lights (and flashes on cameras are said to be bad) in the process. Can anyone explain the difference ...
8
votes
5answers
7k views

Tracing Romanian & Hungarian ancestry?

My soon to be wife is Romanian, I would like to add her family to my tree so that any future children will have a more complete tree rather than just Dad's side. My issue is that her mother is the ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Working with autosomal DNA results

I have the automsomal DNA results for myself, 3 full sisters and 1 half-sister. We all share a mother, and we all tested with familytreeDNA. Our results are uploaded to gedmatch.com. Our parents are ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Techniques for reading poor or illegible images?

What techniques work for reading poor or illegible images of a source? Turning the source into a negative is one that's often quoted but what other techniques are valuable, and in what circumstances?
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Are there records for Whitecross Debtors Prison Turnkeys in 19th Century London?

Nether Fustian Continuations and a Drink for Desperate Men Too often, I underestimate human ingenuity. I had never imagined, for example, that a man would wreath himself in cow-guts full of gin. But ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference between 'genealogy' and 'family history'?

The name of this StackExchange site is 'Genealogy and Family History". That is two things instead of one. Why? What is the difference between those two things. I want to know, because the definitions ...
7
votes
2answers
93 views

Where can I find information about Soviet Union arrests in the 1930s?

One of my ancestors was arrested and killed in the purges of the 1930's in the Soviet Union. I've heard of people who got papers from the Russian (post Soviet) government containing the "crimes" they ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

What records document how African Americans received their Surname in early New York state?

My understanding is that pre-American revolution New York state had free blacks and slaves, then during the war both sides offered freedom to those that fought. Eventually, in 1799 slavery was ...
6
votes
1answer
250 views

Why would a family baptise at a parish but not marry or bury there?

I am researching the ancestors of Clementia Underhill, who married William Caldicott in 1703. According to her burial record from 1760, she was born in about 1675. I believe that she was the daughter ...
6
votes
3answers
836 views

Is there a resource for easily determining relationships between two relatives? [duplicate]

In the English language, there are many words for relationships between two relatives. For instance, my father's brother is my "uncle", the daughter of my father's brother is my "first cousin", the ...
6
votes
1answer
715 views

How to find death record from late 19th century New York (State)?

I have been looking for the death record of my great grandmother who died in Rochester around 1899. She was around 27 years of age at the time. Her maiden name was Mary Gagnon, wife of Joseph Bean (...
6
votes
2answers
410 views

How are the grandchildren related to the head of household in this census?

Whenever I find a census household, I try to confirm the relationships listed in the census by looking for vital records or other information. The formatting of this 1891 Census entry has been ...
5
votes
1answer
360 views

What is German translation of this Marriage record written in Kurrent?

I have an photo of a computer showing a scan of a marriage register for the household shown in this answer which is also written in German using Kurrent style of cursive: I'd like to know what the ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Explaining risks when seeking DNA testing by cousin?

It has recently occurred to me that I have been in intermittent contact with a second cousin who shares my father Y-DNA (subject to any mutations in the last two generations, which should be slight). ...
4
votes
0answers
137 views

Finding ships sailing from Germany to Brazil between 1824 to 1830?

Is it possible to find the names of ships used to transport German emigrants to Brazil in the period of 1824 to 1830? I am specially looking for ships in the period 1827-1829.
4
votes
1answer
398 views

Is there a replacement for Gedcom in the works? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where are genealogical data standards futures currently being discussed/developed? Right now there are many data formats (many commercial and open source programs have their ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What is considered a strong match on a Big-Y DNA test?

I have done Big-Y on FamilyTreeDNA for a single individual and considering others as well as using the YFull interpretation service without fully understanding how to use it because I wanted to ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What would the starting shared cM number be for abnormally close relationships in Autosomal DNA test?

I have seen in the examination of family trees where individuals sharing a great grand parent marry and have children, somewhat commonly in pre-American Civil War, which I would think would create ...
2
votes
2answers
349 views

Determining name for family relationship that involves a step daughter? [duplicate]

My grandma had 3 kids. Her daughter Sally is my Aunt. She has a step daughter. Her step daughter has a daughter. My Aunt Sally is her Grandmother. What does that make us?
2
votes
2answers
951 views

Seeking term for step-grandmother's brother [duplicate]

I'm trying to wrap my head around this, but I have no clue what's right. Maybe it would just be classified as "no relation", but that seems wrong to me. The situation is that you have a grandfather, ...

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