This is Fraktur script, used in Germanic countries.
The text above says
Forældrenes Navn, Stand, Haandtering og Bopæl
which translates to
Parents' Name, Condition, Occupation and Residence
If you should happen upon some Danish handwriting that you need to be able to read, FamilySearch has a Wiki page on Scandinavian Handwriting that also has links to ...
I would read Kaisa's birth record as
Torparen Josef Johansson Törmänens & hru Anna Greta Matts drs barn:
Faddr: Pehr Majala med hru Greta Mathilda; Matts Törmänen med hru Anna Lisa; ungk. Pehr Pelto och jfr Sofia Lillia.
af G.W. Appelgren.
Crofter Josef Johansson Törmänen's & wife Anna Greta Mattsdotter's child:
Historically, the letter "s" was often written more like a tall, looped "f", and a double "s" could look like "fs", or "p" if close together. So I'd guess this is "Mass", i.e. Massachusetts.
It's referred to as the "long s" (Wikipedia).
My advice to anyone searching the GRO indexes is to search all available sites and compare them. Note the differences in page numbers.
Name: WILLS, ELLEN MAUD mother's maiden name: -
GRO Reference: 1876 S Quarter in KINGSBRIDGE Volume 05B Page 208 Occasional Copy: A
Surname First name(s) District Vol Page
My initial assessment is:
I think it quite unlikely that someone would be referred to "Our Mother" on a headstone, without some mother-child relationship present.
It may not be a genetic mother-child relationship, but consider whether Harriet may be a step-mother, or grandmother.
The odds of two English women who bore the same relatively uncommon surname ...
To gather more information about the operations of ships, establish their identity, just as you would for a person, and about the company which operated them. With ships, just like people, there can be more than one with the same name. You might search for the shipbuilder, the Master's name, the company who operated the ship, or the owner's name. All ...
The Charley-man by E.R. Marcil is definitive. The tonnage of 2003 is under the old rules. In 1855 Moorsom's Rules were applied and became the international standard within a few years. Under the new rules the tonnage was 1705 registered, 1774 gross. Ultimately this ship was in Norwegian hands being in service until 1896, an exceptionally long life for a ship ...
His name has been indexed as Kyle rather than Ryle by Ancestry.com in the 1841 Census, aged 2, at Broughton, Lancashire with his parents Thomas (40) and Matilda (30) and siblings James (12), Constantine (10) and Edward (5). Thomas' occupation is a little hard to read but it appears to be Agent, and Matilda was born in foreign parts.
Class: HO107; Piece: ...
Cholera often leads to derailments in the electrolyte balance of the body, which can also lead to neurological symptoms. According to Sack (The Lancet, 2004), "severe muscle cramps of arms and legs are common."
As there are other causes of convulsions in infancy (fever cramps, early-child epilepsies, epileptic seizures in the context of systemic diseases, .....
I think the answer is probably "it depends" -- and it may not be possible to do this with the information displayed for an AncestryDNA circle alone.
You may find the following resources helpful:
August 2017 Update to the Shared cM Project, posted 26 August 2017 by Blaine Bettinger
AncestryDNA White Paper on DNA Matching
AncestryDNA White Paper on DNA ...
I think I can answer one part of your question which is what the number "18" after "15" refers to. I think it is born on the 15th and baptised on the 18th. That this might be the case is based on the second number for other individuals on the two pages being always slightly larger (later in the month) except two. I have included a picture of the first ...
With a nudge from @JanMurphy I went looking for and found Instructions For Taking the Census Of the State Of New York In the Year 1855; Issued By the Secretary of State, To the Officers Charged With the Duty Of taking It which says
Relation to the head of the family. No entry should be made in this column opposite to the name of the head of the family, ...
This answer includes some material which was originally left in comments and is incomplete.
The question involves two different intertwined questions -- discovering what church the Sellars family might have attended, and discovering what records produced by those churches might have survived.
Assuming that they attended a Presbyterian Church is a starting ...
I have found the following information about the Ship Constance and also the Antelope. As I can see it this will tie in all your information and solve some of your problems.
Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (NSW : 1844 - 1860), Monday 11 December 1854, page 243 : Heading Wonga Wonga & Telegraph.
Vessels advertised at Boston on 24th ...
There are a number of ways money might have been sent abroad. But in your case it would have probably have been via a company.
Around the time that countries and empires had colonies in the Americas and Australia, companies such as Western Union started to emerge due to the increased need (or want) to send money back and forth to family members. These ...
I believe it means that Augustus Hinton was Agent of Rebecca Flinn (white) and Guardian for Jane Burnett a free person of color. Check the laws in effect at that time and place because people of color may have needed a court-appointed person to act on their behalf. In this case, paying taxes on Rebecca's land as her agent and (perhaps) a poll tax for Jane.
I'm not sure how I missed this in my original searches but there is a search page for South Australia Police 1838 to 1920 by Maureen M Leadbeater.
The entry for Thomas Hitchcox there is:
Given name(s): Thomas
Notes: resigned 12-4-1856, Tpr 16-6-1856, resigned 10-6-1857
Sources: GRG5/16, GRG5/23, GG 1855-7
Tpr = ...
As commented by @ColeValleyGirl, it appears that I have identified the correct location based on a post at http://members.ozemail.com.au/~peterpjw/Carnarthen.html
Carnarthen - a locality, about half way between Camborne and Redruth,
in the parish of Illogan. It is surrounded by Brea, Bosleake, Piece,
Carnkie, Treskillard, Higher Condurrow, Pengegon ...
The answer from @JanMurphy stimulated me to look harder, and provided some pointers in which direction to proceed. By doing that I found:
The Ozships website records that the Constance arrived at Melbourne on 13 Dec 1854 which I think would fit with the family reaching Adelaide eight days later.
A South Australian Register article from 22 Dec 1854 (below) ...