For questions about ancestors and records in Scotland. Also tag the county if the question is specific to that county.

Scotland is a country, now part of the United Kingdom, located in the British Isles. It is derived from an ancient kingdom (established 843) with a long parliamentary history (from 1293) that entered Union with England in 1707.

The historic counties of Scotland as they existed from 1890 to 1974 are:

  • Aberdeenshire
  • Angus (Forfarshire)
  • Argyll
  • Ayrshire
  • Banffshire
  • Berwickshire
  • Bute
  • Caithness
  • Clackmannanshire
  • Dumfriesshire
  • (previously Haddingtonshire)
  • Fife
  • Inverness-shire
  • Kincardineshire
  • Kinross-shire
  • Kirkcudbrightshire
  • Lanarkshire
  • Midlothian (previously Edinburgh)
  • Moray (previously Elginshire)
  • Nairnshire
  • Orkney
  • Peeblesshire
  • Perthshire
  • Renfrewshire
  • Ross and Cromarty
  • Roxburghshire
  • Selkirkshire
  • Shetland
  • Stirlingshire
  • Sutherland
  • West Lothian (previously Linlithgowshire)
  • Wigtownshire