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For questions about the use, distribution, origin and etymology of surnames, also known as family names or last names.

A surname is a hereditary name common to all members of a family, hence also known as a family name. It is usually associated with a given name that distinguishes individuals within the family. In some (but not all) languages, a surname may be called a last name because of its customary placement.

Related tags include and .

There is a Meta Q&A about whether such questions are on topic at Surname origins and meaning: on-topic?

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