36

The simple answer is: they didn't. If they weren't literate (do you have any evidence they were?), then for the census they would have given their details verbally to somebody else to write down (e.g. census enumerator, or a neighbour) who wrote down what they thought they heard. And if the family concerned were illiterate, they wouldn't spot a mismatch. ...


14

Understanding precisely how the GRO indexes are organized can give us key information about individual entries. The marriage index is a whole other kettle of fish, so this answer pertains only to births and deaths. The key pieces of information to consider are: The GRO indexes were compiled quarterly (that is, at the end of March, June, September, and ...


11

With a marriage that took place before Loving vs. Virginia I see three possibilities: Your parents didn't disclose your mother's heritage (i.e. she could 'pass'). Your parents married somewhere else (not likely to be South Carolina or Georgia). Your parents married after 1967 (or never married). Since you have a marriage date, let's assume for the moment ...


9

2020 Update: For the content in this answer, assume that the user has an account with FamilySearch and has logged in to their account. 2017 Update: As of September 7, 2017, FamilySearch has discontinued distribution of microfilm. They are transitioning to digital records access. For the announcement on the transition, see the FamilySearch Newsroom ...


8

I would actually step back a moment and search through census records for her adoptive name to try to find any additional information. Some census information can include things like birthplace, parent birthplace, etc that may help narrow down where to look for her birth info. In addition to the church lists, be sure to try orphanage lists in New York. ...


8

I'm not sure whether this works for all films, but when I check the catalog for church records of my home town here in The Netherlands, there is a message saying that the records are available on-line, as you can see here: https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/528701?availability=Family%20History%20Library When I follow the link at the end of the red ...


8

If they were catholic or protestant Statistically (based location, given names and surname), as ethnic Poles and living in rural Upper Silesia, your great-great-grandparents were Catholic. (Catholics used a much broader range of given names than the Lutherans). This assumption would be confirmed or refuted in the microfilmed church records. Dates and ...


8

I wanted to address a point that originally came up in the comments to bgwiehle's answer. Places are known by different names throughout their history. If a place was called by a particular name during the time the Nazis were in power, it may not be acceptable to use that name in a social setting, for obvious reasons. However, as historians and researchers ...


8

Your father's birth certificate accurately reflects the information provided to the authorities at the time of his birth. That's all it can do: a birth certificate is not proof of biological parentage but a legal document. For any birth certificate, we have to consider how accurate the information was given a number of factors: legal requirements (in ...


7

I think your "Lauraine" is Lausanne, which is a city in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. (There is also the French region of Lorraine, if someone's understanding of European geography was especially bad). Stukey may not have been the original European spelling - Geogen doesn't find any matches in current German-language telephone directories. However Stuckey ...


7

I am no export on Hesse, but I did a little research: Your LAGIS results are civil registration which started in 1874. Church records for several parishes in today’s city of Kassel were destroyed during World War II, according to a text from 1954 at the local history site Erinnerungen im Netz, Erlebtes aus dem Osten Kassels. They name: Waldau, Nieder-und ...


7

I suggest you obtain a copy of Winifred's birth certificate. It can be ordered from the GRO website. In the New GRO index, here is her entry: As you can see, the Mother's maiden surname is given as a dash, indicating she was very likely illegitimate. The most likely explanation is that Winifred's mother was unmarried when Winifred was born. Whether Edward ...


7

One possibility is that whoever completed the census return adjusted the surname to, as they saw it, fit in. This is certainly known to happen in Scotland as this link https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/guides/surnames will illustrate - the particular aspect there is the Anglicisation of surnames and tweaking O'Brien to Brien would be an example of that sort ...


6

The British Library appear to have two collections, one covering 1838 to 1920 and a second covering 1921 to 1968 when they seem to have ceased according to the British Library catalog entry. The first of those groups appears to be what Histpop has - it seems that after that there was a change to the way they were published. At least some years seem to be ...


6

The page is written in German, in the Kurrent handwriting style 12. Joseph Gregorzhizh Klein=Zirnik 13. März '802 Weib [=wife], Maria Jurglizh 8. Dec. '805 Sohn [=son], Franz 27. Nov. '839 dto. [=ditto], Martin 30. Sept. '842 Tochter [=daughter], Maria 4. Feb. '838 Johann, Bruder [=...


5

This is an area of great interest. The next generation of genealogical software, that will be able to handle digital evidence (in "persona" records), will need to provide this service. I know of one company that offers software that would meet your needs. Check out: http://www.pleiades-software.com Their software uses a complex statistical model to compare ...


5

I do not know the answer to this. However, some of these points may be useful to prompt others: Any effective cross reference should not be from the film but from the collection(?) / batch(?) of source data. This is because a film could contain images of more than one type of record. I know several films at Chester are split - e.g. Church of England parish ...


5

From the Hankinson News, October 15, 1959: "K. BOMMERSBACH, Funeral services were held on Saturday morning at 10 AM., from St. Philips Church at Hankinson for Mrs. Martin (Karoline) Bommersbach, daughter of the late Anton and Margaret Hipp, who passed away Wednesday morning after a lingering illness. Father Lambert Studzinski celebrated the ...


5

I'll answer the question from the question title first -- if a single source gives you two dates, yes, you need to record both of them, along with any other identifying information that tells you where the two dates came from. You'll need to analyze both and explain why they aren't the same when you write your proof statement, which is the last element of ...


5

The simplest method is to order a copy of the register from GRO Ireland in Roscommon. Research copies can (as of March 2016) be obtained for €4. I do not believe there is currently the facility to order research copies online, which means you have to send in the form by post or fax, although they can email you the copy. Instructions and a link to the form ...


5

The place may be Boršt, Slovenia. (See Boste for an alternate spelling of the name that is closer to the spelling used by the church record). When a placename is (probably) mis-spelled, try Fuzzy Gazetteer or GOV or JewishGen Gazetteer, etc., followed by other resources, to evaluate which results make the most sense. Notes: * Boshte is not a German ...


5

You've done a really good job with the documents you have. Going through what you posted I came to the same conclusions. The most logical answer is that David and Jane only had one son. But all of the other possibilities are ones you laid out. I would say though it seems unlikely there could have been 3 boys. Two is more possible (though my money's ...


5

Many of the online guides on US Vital Records give an overview of what information may be on the death certificates. Some examples for Arkansas: Ancestry's About the Database for its database Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950, citing Johni Cerny, "Research in Birth, Death, and Cemetery Records," The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy, ed. Loretto ...


5

Since the information you have so far is not helping, it might be better to try an indirect approach. Here are some things to try. Make a list of all the source material you have about your grandmother's life, and then go through the documents systematically. Make a list of events and put them in order on a timeline. If your grandmother has siblings, do ...


5

For those interested, the marriage certificate has been found. While the law forcing couples to wait 2 days between the license and the marriage had significantly reduced the number of couples going to Maryland to get married, some people still ran away to get married there. The 2 days waiting period put Maryland on par with Delaware, NJ and Pennsylvania ...


5

They were illiterate. They were literate, but someone else was doing the actual writing. I've got some really SPECTACULAR misspelling of he last names of my ancestors from the time when census writers did the writing. The census worker would come and ask someone their name and write it down. If they didn't check the spelling, then whatever they wrote ...


5

It probably doesn't apply in your case, but there are certainly cases of people changing the spelling of their name to appear less like a particular ethnicity. For a personal example, my grandfather was full-blood Portuguese (though born in Boston) and his last name appeared to many in the US as something Hispanic. He changed the spelling from 'Freitas' to '...


4

A state's age of consent for marriage (without parents' permission) today is not necessarily the same as the age of consent for marriage (without parents' permission) a century ago. My husband's grandmother and grandfather were married in New York City in the 1940's when he was "just" 20, not yet 21, and so he had to bring his father with him to prove he had ...


4

One full side of my family, also Jewish, was born in Romania, and I know its not easy to find the town or area of origin. Finkelstein is a very common name, so it is important you try to narrow down the birthplace. What worked best for me was first finding where the family settled in North America. Generally they would not have come alone, but would have ...


4

You didn't say where this image comes from, but comparing it to another image I found on Google+, I am guessing that this refers to the material which has been published in electronic form in the collection of Rhode Island, Vital Extracts, 1636-1899 on Ancestry.com. The Google+ news item shared by Ancestry.com said: Published over a span of two decades,...


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